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Stem-cell-based therapies may offer treatments for a variety of intractable diseases. A fundamental goal in stem-cell biology concerns the characterization of diverse populations that exhibit different potentials, growth capabilities, and therapeutic utilities. We report the characterization of a stem-cell population isolated from tissue explants of rat(More)
Abstract The remarkable plasticity of marrow stromal cells (MSCs) after transplantation to models of neurological disease and injury has been described. In this report, we investigated the plasticity and long-term survival of MSCs transplanted into the normal brain. MSCs were isolated from green fluorescent protein (GFP) transgenic rats and double-labeled(More)
We recently differentiated adult rat and human bone marrow stromal cells (MSCs) into presumptive neurons in cell culture. To determine whether the MSCs assume neuronal functions in vivo, we now characterize for the first time engraftment, migration, phenotypic expression, and long-term survival after infusion into embryonic day 15.5 (E15.5) rat ventricles(More)
Stem cells hold promise to treat diseases currently unapproachable, including Parkinson's disease, liver disease and diabetes. Seminal research has demonstrated the ability of embryonic and adult stem cells to differentiate into clinically useful cell types in vitro and in vivo. More recently, the potential of fetal stem cells derived from extra-embryonic(More)
We have recently characterized a stem cell population isolated from the rodent amniotic membrane termed amnion-derived stem cells (ADSCs). In vitro ADSCs differentiate into cell types representing all three embryonic layers, including neural cells. In this study we evaluated the neuroectodermal potential of ADSCs in vivo after in utero transplantation into(More)
BACKGROUND To circumvent ethical and legal complications associated with embryonic cell sources, investigators have proposed the use of nonneural donor sources for use in neural transplantation strategies. Leading candidate sources include autologous marrow stromal cells (MSCs) and fibroblasts, which are mesodermal derivatives. However, we recently reported(More)
Putative stem cells have recently been isolated from several extra-embryonic tissues, including Wharton's Jelly and umbilical cord blood. Relevant studies have focused on primary cultures established from freshly isolated tissues. In this report, we examine the plasticity of 472 cells, a cryopreserved human amniocyte cell line originally isolated in 1974.(More)
Four metabolic products of arachidonic acid lipoxygenation, 5-hydroxyeicosatetraenoate (5-HETE), 12-HETE, 15-HETE, 5(S),12(S)-DiHETE, were injected intradermally into depilated dorsae of albino guinea pigs. The presence of intravenously injected 125I-bovine serum albumin (10uCi/kg) in 13-mm punch biopsy specimens served as a marker for altered vascular(More)
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