Akitoshi Kinoshita

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PURPOSE To evaluate whether dexamethasone (DEXA) yields a better outcome than prednisolone (PRED) in a prospective, randomized, controlled trial for the treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). PATIENTS AND METHODS Two hundred thirty-one standard-risk (SR) patients and 128 intermediate-risk (IR) non-B-cell ALL patients were registered(More)
The clinical characteristics and prognostic relevance of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) with myelodysplastic features remains to be clarified in children. We prospectively examined 443 newly diagnosed patients in a multicentre clinical trial for paediatric de novo AML, and found 'AML with myelodysplasia-related changes' (AML-MRC) according to the 2008 World(More)
Fusion genes involving ZNF384 have recently been identified in B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia, and 7 fusion partners have been reported. We further characterized this type of fusion gene by whole transcriptome sequencing and/or polymerase chain reaction. In addition to previously reported genes, we identified BMP2K as a novel fusion partner(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have suggested that Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is responsive to treatment with bisphosphonates (BPs). However the efficacy and safety of BPs therapy for childhood LCH is unknown. PROCEDURE Data on children with LCH who had received BPs therapy were collected retrospectively from hospitals participating in the Japanese(More)
Pediatric acute megakaryoblastic leukemia in non-Down syndrome (AMKL) is a unique subtype of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Novel CBFA2T3-GLIS2 and NUP98-KDM5A fusions recurrently found in AMKL were recently reported as poor prognostic factors. However, their detailed clinical and molecular characteristics in patients treated with recent improved therapies(More)
The present study aimed to identify optimal treatment intensity in children with mosaic Down syndrome (DS) and acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (AMKL). A retrospective review of AMKL patients was undertaken to identify mosaic DS children. Between November 1992 and November 2007, seven children were diagnosed as mosaic DS and AMKL. The median age at diagnosis(More)
Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) is a rare pediatric myeloid neoplasm characterized by excessive proliferation of myelomonocytic cells. Somatic mutations in genes involved in GM-CSF signal transduction, such as NRAS, KRAS, PTPN11, NF1, and CBL, have been identified in more than 70% of children with JMML. In the present study, we report 2 patients(More)
Purpose. To test whether a higher sodium dose in the hydration solution may facilitate faster methotrexate (MTX) elimination as compared with a lower sodium dose following high-dose MTX (HDMTX) treatment. Methods. Intravenous solutions with alternate doses of sodium (regimen A 70 mEq/l, regimen B 100 mEq/l) were given to 30 children with acute(More)
Infants (<1 year old) with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are particularly vulnerable to intensive cytotoxic therapy. Indeed, the mortality rate was high among infants enrolled in the Japanese Pediatric Leukemia/Lymphoma Study Group AML-05 study, which prompted us to temporarily suspend patient enrollment and amend the protocol. Forty-five infants with AML(More)