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Isotope ratio (IR) mass spectrometry was evaluated for the study of drug metabolism and balance using 13C, 15N2-labelled antipyrine (AP) as a test drug. Rats were given 40 mg kg-1 (13C,15N2)AP intraperitoneally. Breath, urine, faeces and blood were collected. Except for breath, samples were combusted in sealed quartz tubes. The resulting CO2 and N2 were(More)
The skin permeabilities of a series of eight salicylates and ten non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs were investigated in human subjects. The logarithms of % absorption through intact skin and of n-octanol/water partition coefficients (log P) of the test compounds were plotted against one another, and a parabolic relationship was obtained in both compound(More)
BACKGROUND The enzyme methylmalonyl-coenzyme A (CoA) mutase, an alphabeta heterodimer of 150 kDa, is a member of a class of enzymes that uses coenzyme B12 (adenosylcobalamin) as a cofactor. The enzyme induces the formation of an adenosyl radical from the cofactor. This radical then initiates a free-radical rearrangement of its substrate, succinyl-CoA, to(More)
Structures of nitric oxide reductase (NOR) in the ferric resting and the ferrous CO states have been solved at 2.0 A resolution. These structures provide significant new insights into how NO is reduced in biological systems. The haem distal pocket is open to solvent, implicating this region as a possible NADH binding site. In combination with mutagenesis(More)
Abdominal fat distribution is associated with insulin resistance in healthy young men. Factors modulating this phenomenon remain unclear. Pulsatile insulin release has been implicated as a potential regulator of insulin action. The relationship of pulsatility of peripheral insulin levels to fat distribution and peripheral insulin sensitivity was examined in(More)
Neuronal leucine-rich repeat protein-1 (NLRR1) gene encodes a type I transmembrane protein with unknown function. We have previously described that NLRR1 gene is highly expressed in unfavorable neuroblastomas as compared with favorable tumors and its higher expression levels correlate significantly with poor clinical outcome. In this study, we have found(More)
To examine whether incretin hormones, truncated glucagon-like peptide-1 (tGLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), are recognized by the hepatic vagal nerve, changes of the impulse discharge rate in the afferent vagus upon their intraportal administrations were measured in situ in rats anesthetized with urethan and chloralose. One-min(More)
Application of liver transplantation to methylmalonic acidemia (MMAemia) is controversial because MMAemia is caused by a systemic defect of methylmalonyl-CoA mutase. The clinical courses of seven pediatric patients with MMAemia undergoing living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) were reviewed. Serum and urinary methylmalonic acid (MMA) levels were found to(More)
Importin-beta is a nuclear transport factor which mediates the nuclear import of various nuclear proteins. The N-terminal 1-449 residue fragment of mouse importin-beta (impbeta449) possesses the ability to bidirectionally translocate through the nuclear pore complex (NPC), and to bind RanGTP. The structure of the uncomplexed form of impbeta449 has been(More)
A new alginate lyase-producing micro-organism, designated as Bacillus sp. strain ATB-1015, was effectively isolated from soil samples pretreated for 3 months with a substrate of the enzyme, sodium alginate. Alginate lyase activity was assayed by the degrading activity of biofilm of Teflon sheet discs, which was formed by a mucoid strain of Pseudomonas(More)