Akira Yamashina

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The present study was conducted to evaluate the validity and reproducibility of noninvasive brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) measurements and to examine the alteration of baPWV in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Simultaneous recordings of baPWV by a simple, noninvasive method and aortic pulse wave velosity (PWV) using a catheter tip(More)
BACKGROUND Arterial stiffness is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) is the most recognized and established index of arterial stiffness. An emerging automatic measure of PWV primarily used in the Asian countries is brachial-ankle PWV (baPWV). METHOD To systematically compare these two(More)
The present study was conducted to evaluate the influences of age and gender on the results of noninvasive brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV). In 12517 subjects who had no medication and no history of cardiovascular diseases, multiple regression analysis demonstrated that age, blood pressure, body mass index, triglycerides, blood glucose, and uric(More)
Mutations in genes for sarcomeric proteins such as titin/connectin are known to cause dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). However, disease-causing mutations can be identified only in a small proportion of the patients even in the familial cases, suggesting that there remains yet unidentified disease-causing gene(s) for DCM. To explore the novel disease gene for(More)
Although the prognostic value of myocardial perfusion imaging using gated single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) for predicting major cardiac events has been evaluated, little is known about the relevance of this procedure to the Japanese population. A total of 4,031 consecutive Japanese patients with suspected or confirmed ischemic heart(More)
AIMS Z-band alternatively spliced PDZ-motif protein (ZASP)/Cypher is a Z-disc component of which several dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM)-associated mutations have been reported. Most of the mutations were found in exons 4 and 10 of ZASP/Cypher gene LDB3 and both exons were expressed preferentially in the heart. The aim of this study was to investigate the(More)
The arterial wall has 3 layers (ie, the intima, including the endothelium, the media, and the adventitia); each of these layers has individual roles in systemic circulation. The vascular endothelium regulates the vascular tone, hemostasis and/or vascular permeability, and the media is the major determinant of arterial elasticity, which regulates the conduit(More)
The present study attempted to establish whether elevated serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and gamma glutamyltransferase (GGT) are independent (of each other) markers of systemic inflammation and oxidative stress as assessed by the plasma levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and lipid peroxides (lipOX), regardless of the presence of underlying(More)
Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated channel 4 gene HCN4 is a pacemaker channel that plays a key role in automaticity of sinus node in the heart, and an HCN4 mutation was reported in a patient with sinus node dysfunction. Expression of HCN4 in the heart is, however, not confined to the sinus node cells but is found in other tissues, including(More)
Since a decrease of central aortic pressure contributes to the prevention of cardiovascular events, simple measurement of not only brachial blood pressure but also central aortic pressure may be useful in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. In this study, we simultaneously measured radial artery pulse waves non-invasively and ascending(More)