Akira Yamasaki

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PURPOSE Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is commonly overexpressed in lung cancer. Cetuximab is a chimeric mouse-human antibody targeted against EGFR. Compared with its inhibitory properties, its immunologic mechanisms have not been well studied. In this study, we investigated the antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) activity of cetuximab(More)
In this case report, we present genetic differences in two morphine-related gene sequences, UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7 (UGT2B7) and mu opioid receptors (MOR1), in two cancer patients whose clinical responses to morphine were very different [i.e., sensitive (patient 1) and low responder (patient 2)]. In addition, allelic variants in the UGT2B7 gene were(More)
Recently, IL-17A has been shown to be expressed in higher levels in respiratory secretions from asthmatics and correlated with airway hyperresponsiveness. Although these studies raise the possibility that IL-17A may influence allergic disease, the mechanisms remain unknown. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanisms involved in IL-17A-mediated(More)
BACKGROUND Leukotriene B4 (LTB4) increases in induced sputum and exhaled breath condensate in people with asthma. Furthermore, the T(H)2-type immune response and airway hyperresponsiveness induced by ovalbumin sensitization is markedly suppressed in LTB4 receptor (BLT) 1 null mice. These studies suggest that LTB4 may contribute to asthma pathophysiology.(More)
Chronic airways diseases, including asthma, are associated with an increased airway smooth muscle (ASM) mass, which may contribute to chronic airway hyperresponsiveness. Increased muscle mass is due, in part, to increased ASM proliferation, although the precise molecular mechanisms for this response are not completely clear. Caveolae, which are abundant in(More)
Inhibition of histone deacetylation results in increased gene expression. Trichostatin (Ts)A, a specific histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, up-regulates transcription of some genes but represses expression of others. We quantified histone acetylation in SV-40-transformed lung epithelial cells using flow cytometry. Further, to evaluate the effect of TsA(More)
The combination of trastuzumab with paclitaxel (PTX) is an important option for the treatment of HER2-positive breast cancer. Dexamethasone (Dex) premedication is routinely used in the treatment with PTX. The interactions among Dex, PTX and trastuzumab were evaluated in BT-474 cells. Dex interfered with trastuzumab-induced cell growth inhibition without(More)
Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) worsens asthmatic symptoms. We analyzed the relationship between levels of ETS and asthmatic symptoms and medication. We asked parents of 282 asthmatic children about the general condition, smoke exposure and medication. Patients were classified into three groups: no-ETS (no smoking), mild-ETS (smoking in the house but not(More)
Bronchial asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways, in which inflammation causes bronchial hyper-responsiveness and flow limitation in the presence of various stimuli. Pulmonary function in asthmatic patients frequently deteriorates between midnight and early morning, which has suggested a role for chronotherapy. Although relationships(More)
Despite the high response rates of small cell lung cancer (SCLC) to first-line cisplatin-based chemotherapies, most patients with SCLC will eventually experience disease progression. Accordingly, novel chemotherapeutic regimens are desired. This in vitro study was carried out in order to develop novel chemotherapeutic regimens containing 5-fluorouracil(More)