Akira Watanabe

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Primary tumours influence the environment in the lungs before metastasis. However, the mechanism of metastasis is not well understood. Here, we show that the inflammatory chemoattractants S100A8 and S100A9, whose expression is induced by distant primary tumours, attract Mac 1 (macrophage antigen 1)(+)-myeloid cells in the premetastatic lung. In addition,(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a late-onset, fatal disorder in which the motor neurons degenerate. The discovery of new drugs for treating ALS has been hampered by a lack of access to motor neurons from ALS patients and appropriate disease models. We generate motor neurons from induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from familial ALS patients, who(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignancies worldwide. Several studies have identified signature gene sets that may be useful as potential diagnostic tools by global microarray analysis. Here we report the cloning and characterization of a novel gene, lin-28 homolog B (LIN28B), which is overexpressed in hepatocellular carcinoma.(More)
Oligomeric forms of amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) are thought to play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), but the mechanism involved is still unclear. Here, we generated induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from familial and sporadic AD patients and differentiated them into neural cells. Aβ oligomers accumulated in iPSC-derived(More)
A large number of macrophages and haematopoietic progenitor cells accumulate in pre-metastatic lungs in which chemoattractants, such as S100A8 and S100A9, are produced by distant primary tumours serving as metastatic soil. The exact mechanism by which these chemoattractants elicit cell accumulation is not known. Here, we show that serum amyloid A (SAA) 3,(More)
PURPOSE Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and adenocarcinoma of the lung are currently subject to similar treatment regimens despite distinct differences in histology and epidemiology. The aim of this study is to identify a molecular target with diagnostic and therapeutic values for SCC. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Genes specifically up-regulated in SCC were explored(More)
The generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) provides the opportunity to use patient-specific somatic cells, which are a valuable source for disease modeling and drug discovery. To promote research involving these cells, it is important to make iPSCs from easily accessible and less invasive tissues, like blood. We have recently reported the(More)
An understanding of the microbial biomass dynamics in rice paddies is essential for managing their nutrient and C cycling. Our objectives were to determine whether the seasonal dynamics of microbial biomass C (MBC) was related to the release of organic substance from rice roots. MBC and the dissolved organic C (DOC) in soil solutions were measured over a(More)
We isolated two allelic mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana that showed an early senescence phenotype under light/dark and continuous dark photo regimes, and designated the mutant hypersenescence1 (hys1). The hys1 mutants decreased chlorophyll and protein content, lowered the efficiency of photosystem II, and accumulated several senescence upregulated gene(More)
In contrast to most denitrifiers studied so far, Pseudomonas stutzeri TR2 produces low levels of nitrous oxide (N(2)O) even under aerobic conditions. We compared the denitrification activity of strain TR2 with those of various denitrifiers in an artificial medium that was derived from piggery wastewater. Strain TR2 exhibited strong denitrification activity(More)