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A 26-year-old female pianist suffered from an intracerebral hematoma caused by an arteriovenous malformation of the left occipital parasplenial region, which was operated on seven months after the onset. Incomplete right hemianopsia, mild pure alexia, and partially disturbed naming of visual objects persisted several months after the removal of the(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a severe muscle-degenerative disease caused by a mutation in the dystrophin gene. Genetic correction of patient-derived induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) by TALENs or CRISPR-Cas9 holds promise for DMD gene therapy; however, the safety of such nuclease treatment must be determined. Using a unique k-mer database, we(More)
The dimensions of the 10 triangles around the cavernous sinus were measured to define the anatomical characteristics of the triangles and to compare their consistency in shape and area. Twelve tissue blocks containing the bilateral cavernous sinuses and medial two-thirds of the middle cranial fossae were obtained from Japanese adults at autopsy, fixed to a(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigated the relationship between patients' reasoning about medication adherence and neurocognitive and clinical indices for a treatment-compliant sample of Japanese patients with schizophrenia. METHODS Subjective reasoning about medication adherence was assessed by the Rating of Medication Influences (ROMI) scale. General(More)
We assessed the cerebral blood volume response in the bilateral frontal area in 10 healthy subjects during the design fluency task, verbal fluency task, and hyperventilation measured by 24-channel near-infrared spectroscopy. Oxygenated and total hemoglobin increased during the design fluency task and verbal fluency task and decreased during hyperventilation(More)
OBJECTIVE Attention to risk of antipsychotics for older patients with delirium has been paid. A clinical question was whether risk of antipsychotics for older patients with delirium would exceed efficacy of those even in the general hospital setting. METHODS A prospective observational study proceeded over a 1-year period at 33 general hospitals, where at(More)
BACKGROUND Many neuroimaging studies of patients with bipolar disorder have demonstrated functional hypofrontality (reduced activation of the frontal cortex), although this finding is still controversial. We previously found hypoactivation of the left prefrontal region in remitted subjects with bipolar disorder measured by one-channel near-infrared(More)
In mouse models of lung metastasis, before the appearance of significant metastases, localized changes in vascular permeability have been observed, which appear to set the stage for tumour growth. However, it is unclear whether this is also true in human patients. Here, we show that MD-2, a coreceptor for Toll-like receptor 4 that has a key role in the(More)
The subarachnoid space around the optic nerve can be detected by fat-saturated T2-weighted MR imaging of the orbit, and dilation of this space reflects increased intracranial pressure. We examined 3 patients with CSF hypovolemia with MR imaging of the orbit and measured the optic nerve sheath diameter before and after treatment. We showed that the(More)