Akira Wagatsuma

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The molecular mechanisms by which capillary supply is maintained with advancing age remain to be elucidated. To help clarify these mechanisms, we investigated the gene expression levels of angiogenesis-related factors in young (2.5-month-old), adult (6-month-old), and old (22-month-old) mice. To assess the capillary supply, the capillary endothelium in(More)
We have previously reported that albumin protein is increased in the atrophied muscle induced by hindlimb immobilization. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of several disuse models on albumin protein and mRNA levels in mice skeletal muscle and to investigate whether the elevated amount of albumin returns to control level by muscular(More)
Gene therapy has developed a new strategy to treat a variety of ischemic diseases using angiogenic growth factors. However, the endogenous expression pattern of angiogenesis-related factors in response to muscle injury is not fully characterized. In the present study, we investigated the expression of angiogenesis-related factors, vascular endothelial(More)
Muscle mass and strength progressively decrease with age, which results in a condition known as sarcopenia. Sarcopenia would lead to physical disability, poor quality of life, and death. Therefore, much is expected of an effective intervention for sarcopenia. Epidemiologic, clinical, and laboratory evidence suggest an effect of vitamin D on muscle function.(More)
We investigated the expression of the nuclear-encoded genes controlling the mitochondrial properties in the mouse gastrocnemius muscle to gain insight into the mitochondrial biogenesis that occurs during the muscle degeneration/regeneration induced by freezing. In addition, we tested whether the muscle regeneration is affected by pharmacologically blocking(More)
Recent studies have shown that mitochondria play a role in the regulation of myogenesis. Indeed, the abundance, morphology, and functional properties of mitochondria become altered when the myoblasts differentiate into myotubes. For example, mitochondrial mass/volume, mtDNA copy number, and mitochondrial respiration are markedly increased after the onset of(More)
We investigated whether habitual exercise (HE) modulates levels of oxidative DNA damage and responsiveness to oxidative stress induced by renal carcinogen Fe-nitrilotriacetic acid (Fe-NTA). During a ten week protocol, two groups of rats either remained sedentary or underwent swimming for 15--60 min per day, 5 days per week, with or without a weight(More)
Capillary supply of skeletal muscle decreases during denervation. To gain insight into the regulation of this process, we investigated capillary supply and gene expression of angiogenesis-related factors in mouse gastrocnemius muscle following denervation for 4 months. Frozen transverse sections were stained for alkaline phosphatase to detect endogenous(More)
We investigated the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptors (Flt-1 and KDR/Flk-1) during muscle regeneration by immunohistochemistry and real-time RT-PCR. On days 5 and 7 after the induction of injury, VEGF and Flt-1 were detected in the cytoplasm and KDR/Flk-1 in the cytoplasm and on cell membranes of the same regenerating(More)
Hindlimb unweighting (HU) leads to capillary regression in skeletal muscle. However, the molecular mechanism(s) remains to be elucidated. To gain insight into the regulation of this process, we investigated gene expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha)vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), angiopoietin, and their receptors in the(More)