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We identified three novel transporters structurally belonging to the organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP) family in humans. Since previously known rat oatp1 to 3 do not necessarily correspond to the human OATPs in terms of either tissue distribution or function, here we designate the newly identified human OATPs as OATP-B, -D and -E, and we rename(More)
Purpose. To assess the functional characteristics of human organic anion transporter B (OATP-B) in comparison with those of the known, liver-specific OATP-C. Methods. OATP-B or -C was expressed in HEK293 cells or Xenopus oocytes, and uptakes of estradiol-17β-glucuronide and estrone-3-sulfate were measured using radiolabeled compounds. Results. OATP-C(More)
Primary carnitine deficiency, because of a defect of the tissue plasma membrane carnitine transporters, causes critical symptoms. However, the transporter has not been molecularly identified. In this study, we screened a human kidney cDNA library and assembled a cDNA-encoding OCTN2 as a homologue of the organic cation transporter OCTN1, and then we examined(More)
The pH-sensitive activity of human organic anion transporting polypeptide OATP-B, which is expressed at the apical membrane of human small intestinal epithelial cells, was functionally characterized. When initial uptake of estrone-3-sulfate, a typical substrate of OATP, was studied kinetically, we observed an increase in V(max) with decrease of pH from 7.4(More)
Carnitine is essential for beta-oxidation of fatty acids, and a defect of cell membrane transport of carnitine leads to fatal systemic carnitine deficiency. We have already shown that a defect of the organic cation/carnitine transporter OCTN2 is a primary cause of systemic carnitine deficiency. In the present study, we further isolated and characterized new(More)
cDNA for a novel proton/organic cation transporter, OCTN1, was cloned from human fetal liver and its transport activity was investigated. OCTN1 encodes a 551-amino acid protein with 11 transmembrane domains and one nucleotide binding site motif. It is strongly expressed in kidney, trachea, bone marrow and fetal liver and in several human cancer cell lines,(More)
Irinotecan hydrochloride (CPT-11) is a potent anticancer drug that is converted to its active metabolite, 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin (SN-38), and other metabolites in liver. The disposition and gastrointestinal toxicity of irinotecan exhibit a wide interpatient variability. Here, we examined the contribution of an organic anion-transporting polypeptide,(More)
In the present study, functional characteristics of organic cation transporter (OCTN)1, which was cloned as the pH-dependent tetraethylammonium (TEA) transporter when expressed in mammalian human embryonic kidney (HEK)293 cells, were further investigated using Xenopus oocytes as well as HEK293 cells as gene expression systems. When OCTN1-derived(More)
A whole-genome radiation hybrid (RH) panel was used to construct a high-resolution map of the rat genome based on microsatellite and gene markers. These include 3,019 new microsatellite markers described here for the first time and 1,714 microsatellite markers with known genetic locations, allowing comparison and integration of maps from different sources.(More)
Genetic polymorphisms of human organic anion transporting polypeptides OATP-C (SLC21A6) and OATP-B (SLC21A9) in the Japanese population were analyzed. The allele frequencies of OATP-C*1a, OATP-C*1b (N130D), OATP-C*1c (R152K and D241N), and OATP-C*5 (V174A) were 35.2, 53.7, 0, and 0.7%, respectively, in 267 healthy Japanese subjects. In the OATP-C gene, we(More)