Akira Toriba

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A method is presented for determining monohydroxy polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (OHPAHs) having 2-, 3- and 4-rings in human urine by using high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection. A urine sample containing conjugates of OHPAHs was hydrolysed in the presence of beta-glucuronidase/aryl sulfatase and the solution was cleaned up(More)
We collected diesel exhaust particles (DEPs) emitted from three diesel-engine vehicles--a car, a bus, and a truck--in daily use, and prepared DEP extracts (DEPEs), designated as EC, EB, or ET, respectively. The androgenic and antiandrogenic effects of the DEPE samples were examined by a luciferase reporter assay in human prostate carcinoma PC3/AR cells(More)
Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology and Department of Hygienic and Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kanazawa University, 13–1 Takara-machi, Kanazawa, Ishikawa 920–0934, Japan, Department of Geriatric Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7–3–1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113–8655, Japan, and Department(More)
To clarify the alteration of androgenic and antiandrogenic activities by diesel engine conditions, we collected diesel exhaust particles (DEP) samples emitted from a diesel-engine truck under different conditions of engine loads and vehicle speeds, and DEP extract (DEPE) samples were prepared from each. The androgenic and antiandrogenic activities of the(More)
A method for determining monohydroxybenzo[a]pyrene (OHBaP) isomers using column-switching high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection was developed. Eleven of 12 isomers of OHBaP (all except 6-OHBaP) were separated on an alkylamide-type reversed-phase column and, via column-switching, on a beta-cyclodextrin-bonded silica gel column.(More)
The role of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) on the antiandrogenic effects of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was studied in LNCaP cells. The PAHs used in this study were chrysene (Chr), benzo[k]fluoranthene (BkF), benzo[a]pyrene (BaP), anthracene (Ant) and pyrene (Pyr). Chr, BkF and BaP acted as AhR agonists in LNCaP cells, while Ant and Pyr did(More)
1-nitropyrene (1-NP) is one of the most abundant nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (NPAHs) in diesel exhaust particulate matter (DEP) and is a main contributor of direct-acting mutagenicity in DEP. Therefore, the metabolites of 1-NP are expected to be a biomarker for assessment of exposure to DEP. In this study, a highly specific and sensitive(More)
Estrogenic activities of cigarette smoke condensates obtained from the extraction of particulate matters from mainstream and sidestream cigarette smoke with benzene/ethanol were evaluated by using a yeast two-hybrid assay system expressing human estrogen receptor alpha (hERalpha). To identify the constituents of the cigarette smoke condensate which are(More)
Benzene-ethanol extracts from particulates produced by coal burning were separated into four fractions by silica-gel column chromatography using n-hexane (240 ml), n-hexane-dichloromethane (3:1, v/v) (200 ml), dichloromethane (200 ml) and methanol (450 ml), as the corresponding eluents. The mutagenicity of each fraction was assayed by the Ames test using(More)
We determined eleven PAHs and four NPAHs in particulates and regulated pollutants (CO, CO2, HC, NOx, PM) exhausted from motorcycles to figure out the characteristics of motorcycle exhausts. Fluoranthene and pyrene accounted for more than 50% of the total detected PAHs. Among four detected NPAHs, 6-nitrochrysene and 7-nitrobenz[a]anthracene were the(More)