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The sequence determination of the entire genome of the Synechocystis sp. strain PCC6803 was completed. The total length of the genome finally confirmed was 3,573,470 bp, including the previously reported sequence of 1,003,450 bp from map position 64% to 92% of the genome. The entire sequence was assembled from the sequences of the physical map-based contigs(More)
We present a depth-first search algorithm for generating all maximal cliques of an undirected graph, in which pruning methods are employed as in the Bron–Kerbosch algorithm. All the maximal cliques generated are output in a tree-like form. Subsequently, we prove that its worst-case time complexity is O(3n/3) for an n-vertex graph. This is optimal as a(More)
We engineered a salt-sensitive rice cultivar (Oryza sativa cv. Kinuhikari) to express a vacuolar-type Na+/H+ antiporter gene from a halophytic plant, Atriplex gmelini (AgNHX1). The activity of the vacuolar-type Na+/H+ antiporter in the transgenic rice plants was eight-fold higher than that in wild-type rice plants. Salt tolerance assays followed by(More)
An androgen-dependent mouse mammary carcinoma cell line (SC-3) requires androgen for growth stimulation. We have shown previously that androgen acts on SC-3 cells to induce secretion of a fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-like growth factor, which in turn stimulates growth of the cells in an autocrine manner. In this study, the androgen-induced growth factor(More)
Chlorophyll (Chl) biosynthesis and degradation are the only biochemical processes on Earth that can be directly observed from satellites or other planets. The bulk of the Chls is found in the light-harvesting antenna complexes of photosynthetic organisms. Surprisingly little is known about the biosynthesis of Chl b, which is the second most abundant Chl(More)
The Japanese pear pathotype of Alternaria alternata causes black spot of Japanese pear by producing a host-specific toxin known as AK-toxin. Restriction enzyme-mediated integration (REMI) mutagenesis was used to tag genes required for toxin biosynthesis. Protoplasts of a wild-type strain were treated with a linearized plasmid along with the restriction(More)
With a homologous gene region we successfully isolated a Na+/H+ antiporter gene from a halophytic plant, Atriplex gmelini, and named it AgNHX1. The isolated cDNA is 2607 bp in length and contains one open reading frame, which comprises 555 amino acid residues with a predicted molecular mass of 61.9 kDa. The amino acid sequence of the AgNHX1 gene showed more(More)
We examined the gastric ulcerogenic property of selective COX-1 and/or COX-2 inhibitors in rats, and investigated whether COX-1 inhibition is by itself sufficient for induction of gastric damage. Animals fasted for 18 h were given various COX inhibitors p.o., either alone or in combination, and they were killed 8 h later. The nonselective COX inhibitors(More)
The light-harvesting efficiency of a photosystem is thought to be largely dependent on its photosynthetic antenna size. It has been suggested that antenna size is controlled by the biosynthesis of chlorophyll b. To verify this hypothesis, we overexpressed the enzyme for chlorophyll b biosynthesis, chlorophyllide a oxygenase (CAO), in Arabidopsis thaliana by(More)