Akira Takeya

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Normal human plasma was found to contain beta 1-4N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase catalyzing the transfer of N-acetylgalactosamine from UDP-GalNAc to 3'-sialyl-lactose, NeuAc alpha 2-3Gal beta 1-4Glc. The transferred N-acetylgalactosaminyl residue was cleaved from the desialylated reaction product by the beta-N-acetylhexosaminidase from jack beans.(More)
The major beta(1-3)N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase [beta(1-3)GlcNAc-transferase] activity in human serum was isolated by DEAE- and CM-Sepharose column chromatography. This enzyme fraction consisted of two forms of the enzyme, which were separated from each other on a DEAE-Sepharose column and designated as GNAc-TI and GNAc-TII, respectively. They have the(More)
We measured UDP-GlcNAc:Gal (beta 1-4) Glc (or GlcNAc) (beta 1-3) N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase activities in bovine (Holstein and Jersey cow) and human colostrums, and found in human colostrums sufficient activity to study the enzyme properties while not in bovine colostrums. The properties (requirements, pH optimum, acceptor specificity and Km values for(More)
An anti-H antibody was demonstrated to be produced in egg yolk as well as in serum of hens which were immunized with human type O red blood cells. The antibody in egg yolk was isolated with polyethylene glycol and ethanol and was purified by affinity chromatography using immunoadsorbant beads immobilized with H type 2 hapten (Fuca1----2Gal beta 1----4GlcNAc(More)
Human blood group O plasma was found to contain an N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase which catalyzes the transfer of N-acetylgalactosamine from UDP-GalNAc to Gal beta 1-->4Glc, Gal beta 1-->4GlcNAc, asialo-alpha 1-acid glycoprotein, and Gal beta 1-->4GlcNAc beta 1-->3Gal beta 1-->4Glc-ceramide, but not to Gal beta 1-->3GlcNAc. The enzyme required Mn2+ for(More)
Hepatic asialoglycoprotein receptor, which may mediate the clearance of circulating thyroglobulin, is known to have a high affinity for GalNAc. Recently, the receptor has been reported to be present also in the thyroid, implicating interaction with thyroglobulin. Here, mammalian thyroglobulins were analyzed for GalNAc termini by Western blotting with(More)
Human alpha-3-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase has been purified 27,000,000-fold from A1 plasma by (NH4)2SO4 fractionation and affinity chromatography on Sepharose 4B, anti-human group O plasma antibodies-Sepharose 4B, and Blue Dextran-Sephadex G-25. A modified procedure in the Sepharose 4B step was developed by batch adsorption and desorption experiments.(More)
Plant seed lectins play a defense role against plant-eating animals. Here, GalNAc-specific Vicia villosa B4 lectin was found to inhibit hydrolysis of UDP-GalNAc by animal nucleotide pyrophosphatases, which are suggested to regulate local levels of nucleotide sugars in cells. Inhibition was marked at low concentrations of UDP-GalNAc, and was reversed largely(More)
A soluble UDP-Gal: Gal (alpha 1-3) galactosyltransferase was first detected in bovine colostrum and this enzyme activity was simply assayed by using rho-nitrophenyl-beta-lactoside (Gal(beta 1-4)Glc-C6H5NO2, rho NP-lactoside) as an acceptor. Treating the radioactive product with alpha- or beta-galactosidase, the radioactivity (greater than 95%) was released(More)
We have reported that rabbit serum contains a phospholipid (PL)/ganglioside-binding protein which adsorbs to Sephacryl S-400 gel and agglutinates human red blood cells. A new protein similar to the PL/ganglioside-binding protein was simply purified from normal human plasma using Sephacryl S-400, Sepharose CL-4B and DEAE-Sepharose CL-6B columns. The purified(More)