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Normal human plasma was found to contain beta 1-4N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase catalyzing the transfer of N-acetylgalactosamine from UDP-GalNAc to 3'-sialyl-lactose, NeuAc alpha 2-3Gal beta 1-4Glc. The transferred N-acetylgalactosaminyl residue was cleaved from the desialylated reaction product by the beta-N-acetylhexosaminidase from jack beans.(More)
Hepatic asialoglycoprotein receptor, which may mediate the clearance of circulating thyroglobulin, is known to have a high affinity for GalNAc. Recently, the receptor has been reported to be present also in the thyroid, implicating interaction with thyroglobulin. Here, mammalian thyroglobulins were analyzed for GalNAc termini by Western blotting with(More)
Human blood group O plasma was found to contain an N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase which catalyzes the transfer of N-acetylgalactosamine from UDP-GalNAc to Gal beta 1-->4Glc, Gal beta 1-->4GlcNAc, asialo-alpha 1-acid glycoprotein, and Gal beta 1-->4GlcNAc beta 1-->3Gal beta 1-->4Glc-ceramide, but not to Gal beta 1-->3GlcNAc. The enzyme required Mn2+ for(More)
The major beta(1-3)N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase [beta(1-3)GlcNAc-transferase] activity in human serum was isolated by DEAE- and CM-Sepharose column chromatography. This enzyme fraction consisted of two forms of the enzyme, which were separated from each other on a DEAE-Sepharose column and designated as GNAc-TI and GNAc-TII, respectively. They have the(More)
Various oligosaccharides containing galactose(s) and one glucosamine (or N-acetylglucosamine) residues with beta1-4, alpha1-6 and beta1-6 glycosidic bond were synthesized; Galbeta1-4GlcNH(2), Galalpha1-6GlcNH(2), Galalpha1-6GlcNAc, Galbeta1-6GlcNH(2), Galbeta1-4Galbeta1-4GlcNH(2) and Galbeta1-4Galbeta1-4GlcNAc. Galalpha1-6GlcNH(2) (MelNH(2)) and glucosamine(More)
Carriers of weak B antigen were found in three generations of a family. The red cells of the propositus reacted with anti-A human serum and Dolichos biflorus lectin as strongly as normal A1B red cells, but they agglutinated at 8-fold dilution against anti-B human serum (1:128) and did not have a mixed-field agglutination. The red cells of her niece(More)
Normal human urine was found to contain beta (1-3)N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase catalyzing the transfer of N-acetylglucosamine from UDP-GlcNAc to N-acetyllactosamine and lactose. Lacto-N-tetraose which carries the terminal Gal beta (1-3)GlcNAc structure was a poor acceptor. The product of the transferase reaction with N-acetyllactosamine as acceptor was(More)
An anti-Le(b) antibody was produced in sera of rabbits by immunization with human saliva from blood group O Le(a-b+) secretor and purified by sequential use of silica beads immobilized with H type 1, Le(a) and Le(b). The purified antibody agglutinated only Le(a-b+) red cells irrespective of their ABO blood type. Hemagglutination reaction with the antibody(More)
Concentrations of blood group A-specified alpha(1-->3)-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase (A enzyme) were measured in human plasma of blood groups A1, A2, and A3 by using chemically synthesized H disaccharides and H type 1 and type 2 trisaccharides attached to hydrophobic aglycones as acceptors. When the trisaccharides were used as acceptors, enzyme(More)
We have reported that rabbit serum contains a phospholipid (PL)/ganglioside-binding protein which adsorbs to Sephacryl S-400 gel and agglutinates human red blood cells. A new protein similar to the PL/ganglioside-binding protein was simply purified from normal human plasma using Sephacryl S-400, Sepharose CL-4B and DEAE-Sepharose CL-6B columns. The purified(More)