Akira Takanaka

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A new form of cytochrome P450 (P450 DUT2) was purified from untreated male dog liver microsomes. The final preparation (a specific content of 19.1 nmol P450/mg protein) showed a single band with an apparent monomeric molecular weight of 50,000 on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, but was further separated into two apoproteins (P450(More)
1. ATP-activated inward current in PC12 pheochromocytoma cells was characterized using the whole-cell voltage-clamp technique. 2. ATP (100 microM) applied extracellular elicited an inward rectifying current with a reversal potential of about +7 mV. The current was desensitized in seconds in spite of continued presence of ATP. 3. A comparison was made of the(More)
Several oxysterols were examined for their effect on gap junctional communication between rat hepatocytes in primary culture. 25-Hydroxycholesterol, 22(S)-hydroxycholesterol and 7 beta-hydroxycholesterol, in decreasing order of potency, markedly inhibited gap junctional communication. In contrast, 7-ketocholesterol showed no inhibitory effect. The(More)
Four different forms of cytochrome P450 (P450) were purified from liver microsomes of untreated or phenobarbital (PB)-treated male beagle dogs using HPLC techniques, and designated as DUT-1, DPB-1, DPB-2 and DPB-3, respectively. Specific contents of the purified DUT-1, DPB-1, DPB-2 and DPB-3 were 13.3, 9.6, 15.6 and 12.2 nmol/mg protein, respectively. On(More)
Toxicokinetic parameters of gamma-chlordane (GCD) after oral administration of various doses of radio-labelled GCD (50 micrograms/kg-10 mg/kg) were compared. Absorption of GCD were about 80% in both 0.1 and 1.0 mg/kg groups. Distributions of GCD (50 micrograms/kg and 10 mg/kg) into the liver and kidney were rapid and those into adipose tissues were(More)
Cytochrome P-450AFB is major isozyme inducible by 3-methylcholanthrene in Syrian golden hamsters and shows high potency toward aflatoxin B1 activation. We have isolated and sequenced cDNA clones to P-450AFB by immunoscreening a hamster liver cDNA library in lambda gt11. The longest clone contains an open reading frame of 1482 nucleotides and encodes a(More)
Previous reports have shown that the determination of drug metabolism capacity can be made by the pharmacokinetic estimation of the quantity of cytochrome P450 (CYP) in vivo (PKCYP-test), in which an apparent liver-to-blood free concentration gradient in vivo (qg) is introduced, which is useful for evaluating fluctuations of CYPIA2 in rats. The aim of the(More)
Five cytochrome P-450 forms were purified from livers of rats pretreated with phenobarbital (PB) or β-naphthoflavone (BNF), and the oxidative dealkylation of N-nitrosodialkylamines by the reconstituted cytochrome P-450 systems was measured. PB-II (P450IIB1) showed very high N-nitrosomethybutylamine (NMBA) debutylase activity, high NMBA demethylase activity(More)
The effects of dopamine and related compounds on ATP-activated channels were investigated in pheochromocytoma PC12 cells. Dopamine (10 microM) enhanced an inward current activated by 100 microM ATP. A similar enhancement of the ATP-activated current was observed with apomorphine (10 microM), a non-selective dopamine receptor agonist, with (+)-SKF-38393 (10(More)