Akira Sugiyama

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BACKGROUND Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are ligand-activated transcription factors and commonly play an important role in the regulation of lipid homeostasis. To identify human PPARs-responsive genes, we established tetracycline-regulated human hepatoblastoma cell lines that can be induced to express each human PPAR and investigated(More)
To characterize Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) strains recently prevalent in Japan, JEV surveillance was performed in pigs from 2002 to 2004. Eleven new JEV isolates were obtained and compared with previous isolates from Japan and other Asian countries. All of the isolates were classified into genotype 1 by nucleotide sequence analysis of the E gene. Two(More)
Thrombin signaling in the endothelium is linked to multiple phenotypic changes, including alterations in permeability, vasomotor tone, and leukocyte trafficking. The thrombin signal is transduced, at least in part, at the level of gene transcription. In this review, we focus on the role of thrombin signaling and transcriptional networks in mediating(More)
OBJECTIVE Plasma pentraxin 3 (PTX3) levels are increased in patients with acute myocardial infarction, yet its involvement in unstable angina pectoris (UAP) remains unclear. To critically evaluate the role of PTX3 in UAP, a sensitive and precise measurement of PTX3 concentration is needed. METHODS AND RESULTS We established a high sensitive plasma ELISA(More)
Inflammation in the injured vessel wall plays an essential role in the mechanism of restenosis. Pentraxin3 (PTX3) is synthesized at the inflammatory site in response to primary inflammatory stimuli. To establish the clinical significance of plasma PTX3 levels in the pathophysiology of inflammation in the injured vessels, we serially measured the levels in(More)
OBJECTIVE The effect of a variety of hypoxic conditions on lipid accumulation in smooth muscle cells (SMCs) was studied in an arterial wall coculture and monocultivation model. METHODS AND RESULTS Low density lipoprotein (LDL) was loaded under various levels of oxygen tension. Oil red O staining of rabbit and human SMCs revealed that lipid accumulation(More)
PURPOSE Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is one of the most drug-refractory cancers. The aim of this study is to discover a novel therapeutic target molecule for clear cell RCC (CCRCC), which accounts for the majority of RCC. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Gene expression profiles of 27 CCRCCs and 9 normal kidney tissues as well as 15 various adult normal tissues were(More)
Myofibroblasts play an important role during remodeling process after myocardial infarction through proliferation, migration, production and degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM) and contraction. Canstatin, a 24kDa polypeptide, is cleaved from α2 chain of type IV collagen, which is a major component of basement membrane around cardiomyocytes. We(More)
The defining property of core streptavidin (cSA) is not only its high binding affinity for biotin but also its pronounced thermal and chemical stability. Although potential applications of these properties including therapeutic methods have prompted much biological research, the high immunogenicity of this bacterial protein is a key obstacle to its clinical(More)