Akira Shinkai

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Accurate transmission of DNA material from one generation to the next is crucial for prolonged cell survival. Following the discovery of DNA polymerse I in Escherichia coli, the DNA polymerase I class of enzymes has served as the prototype for studies on structural and biochemical mechanisms of DNA replication. Recently, a series of genomic, mutagenesis and(More)
The fidelity of DNA replication by Escherichia coli DNA polymerase I (pol I) was assessed in vivo using a reporter plasmid bearing a ColE1-type origin and an ochre codon in the beta-lactamase gene. We screened 53 single mutants within the region Val(700)-Arg(712) in the polymerase active-site motif A. Only replacement of Ile(709) yielded mutator(More)
Escherichia coli DNA polymerase I participates in DNA replication, DNA repair, and genetic recombination; it is the most extensively studied of all DNA polymerases. Motif A in the polymerase active site has a required role in catalysis and is highly conserved. To assess the tolerance of motif A for amino acid substitutions, we determined the mutability of(More)
The evolutionary process of the unique web architectures of spiders of the sub-family Cyrtarachninae, which includes the triangular web weaver, bolas spider, and webless spider, is thought to be derived from reduction of orbicular 'spanning-thread webs' resembling ordinal orb webs. A molecular phylogenetic analysis was conducted to explore this hypothesis(More)
To elucidate insecticidal activity of spider toxins, metal ions in venoms and in the bodies were determined by thin layer chromatography, spark source mass spectrometry, ion chromatography, inductively coupled plasma emission spectrometry and atomic absorption spectrometry. Two kinds of spiders were used, Nephila clavata and Nephila maculata. Metals from(More)
Sandy beach ecosystems are decreasing worldwide and organisms living there are becoming threatened. The burrowing wolf spider Lycosa ishikariana is one such example. To establish effective conservation strategies under habitat fragmentation, we examined population genetic structure of L. ishikariana from mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I gene and 6(More)
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