Akira Shimada

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OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical and immunologic characteristics of fulminant type 1 diabetes, a novel subtype of type 1 diabetes, we conducted a nationwide survey. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS History and laboratory data, including islet-related autoantibodies, were examined in 222 patients with fulminant and nonfulminant type 1 diabetes in our(More)
The protein tyrosine phosphatase, nonreceptor 22 gene (PTPN22) maps to human chromosome 1p13.3-p13.1 and encodes an important negative regulator of T-cell activation, lymphoid-specific phosphatase (Lyp). Recently, the minor allele of a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at nucleotide position 1858 (rs2476601, +1858C > T) was found to be associated with(More)
OBJECTIVE Resistin is associated with insulin resistance in mice and may play a similar role in humans. The aim of our study was to examine the relationship of serum resistin level to body composition, insulin resistance, and related obesity phenotypes in humans. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES Sixty-four young (age 32 +/- 10 years), obese (BMI 32.9 +/-(More)
PTPN11 has been identified as a causative gene in Noonan syndrome (NS), responsible for about 50% of cases of NS. Given the association between NS and an increased risk of some malignancies, notably leukemia and probably some solid tumors including neuroblastoma (NB) and rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), recent studies have reported that gain-of-function somatic(More)
While acute megakaryoblastic leukaemia (AMKL) occurs in children with (DS-AMKL) and without (paediatric non-DS-AMKL) Down syndrome, it can also affect adults without DS (adult non-DS-AMKL). We have analysed these subgroups of patients (11 children with DS-AMKL, 12 children and four adults with non-DS-AMKL) for the presence of molecular lesions, including(More)
CONTEXT Transracial studies are a powerful tool for genetic association studies of multifactorial diseases, such as type 1 diabetes. The low incidence of type 1 diabetes in Asian countries, however, makes it difficult to perform large-scale studies in Asia. OBJECTIVE To overcome this, we have assembled a multicenter study group in Japan and studied the(More)
A 12-year-old girl presented with a large abdominal tumor. At surgery, a huge pedunculated extraluminal tumor was found arising from the greater curvature of the stomach and invading the surrounding structures, and there were also a submucosal tumor measuring 5 x 4 x 4 cm and multiple intramural nodules beside the main tumor. These lesions, which were(More)
We have revised a part of the diagnostic criteria for fulminant type 1 diabetes. The new criteria were set both to express the essence of this disease of rapid increase of patients' blood glucose and to be highly sensitive to reduce the misdiagnosis. After analyzing the data of 382 patients with newly-diagnosed fulminant type 1 diabetes, we adopted the(More)
Type 1 diabetes mellitus is recognized as a T-cell-mediated autoimmune disease. Vitamin D compounds are known to suppress T-cell activation by binding to the vitamin D receptor (VDR); and thus, VDR gene polymorphisms may be related to T-cell-mediated autoimmune diseases. We, therefore, investigated a VDR gene polymorphism in type 1 diabetes. We examined the(More)
Patients with t(8;21) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are considered to have a good prognosis; however, approximately 50% of them relapse. The genetic alterations associated with a poor outcome in t(8;21) AML remain unknown. Recently, aberrations of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) were frequently found in patients with AML. However, the prevalence and(More)