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OBJECTIVE Fulminant type 1 diabetes is characterized by the rapid onset of severe hyperglycemia and ketoacidosis, with subsequent poor prognosis of diabetes complications. Causative mechanisms for accelerated beta-cell failure are unclear. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Subjects comprised three autopsied patients who died from diabetic ketoacidosis within(More)
There are errors in Tables 2 and S2. Please see the corrected tables below. Copyright: © 2015 Awata et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
OBJECTIVE The contribution of innate immunity responsible for aggressive β-cell destruction in human fulminant type 1 diabetes is unclear. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Islet cell expression of Toll-like receptors (TLRs), cytoplasmic retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I)-like receptors, downstream innate immune markers, adaptive immune mediators, and(More)
Introduction. There is no report about risk factors for renal deterioration according to the clinical stage, divided by the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in type 2 diabetes. Materials and Methods. We evaluated the factors correlated with the annual eGFR decline in 1303 subjects with type 2 diabetes whose eGFR was ≥30 mL/min/1.73 m(2). eGFR(More)
Elucidation of the genetic susceptibility factors for diabetic retinopathy (DR) is important to gain insight into the pathogenesis of DR, and may help to define genetic risk factors for this condition. In the present study, we conducted a three-stage genome-wide association study (GWAS) to identify DR susceptibility loci in Japanese patients, which(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether development of insulin requirement in patients with latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) is accompanied with the emergence of a type 1 diabetes-like autoimmune response. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We correlated beta-cell-specific autoimmunity reflected in autoantibodies to the 65-kDa isoform of GAD (GAD65) with(More)
BACKGROUND The association between diabetes and paranasal sinus disease has not been thoroughly investigated. METHODS We cross-sectionally investigated the association between diabetes and the presence of paranasal sinus disease, which was confirmed by a head MRI scan in 1350 adults who underwent a health screening program focusing on brain diseases and(More)
Objective. This clinical trial was designed to investigate whether goshajinkigan reduces the onset of diabetic complications or not. Materials and Methods. A total of 332 type 2 diabetic mellitus patients were registered from 9 clinical centers from March 2000 to August 2007. Patients were randomly assigned to take goshajinkigan extract powder, 2.5 grams(More)