Learn More
CONTEXT Transracial studies are a powerful tool for genetic association studies of multifactorial diseases, such as type 1 diabetes. The low incidence of type 1 diabetes in Asian countries, however, makes it difficult to perform large-scale studies in Asia. OBJECTIVE To overcome this, we have assembled a multicenter study group in Japan and studied the(More)
OBJECTIVE Fulminant type 1 diabetes is characterized by the rapid onset of severe hyperglycemia and ketoacidosis, with subsequent poor prognosis of diabetes complications. Causative mechanisms for accelerated beta-cell failure are unclear. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Subjects comprised three autopsied patients who died from diabetic ketoacidosis within(More)
OBJECTIVE The associations of insulin resistance and glycemic control with the risk of kidney stones were explored. METHODS Generally healthy Japanese (n=2,171) who visited Saiseikai Central Hospital (Tokyo, Japan) for a health check were included in a cross-sectional study. We calculated odds ratios (OR) of having kidney stones in terms of four measures:(More)
We have shown that neutralization of IFN-inducible protein 10/CXCL10, a chemokine for Th1 cells, breaks Th1 retention in the draining lymph nodes, resulting in exacerbation in Th1-dominant autoimmune disease models induced by immunization with external Ags. However, there have been no studies on the role of CXCL10 neutralization in Th1-dominant disease(More)
CONTEXT Recent genome-wide association studies have identified several novel type 1 diabetes (T1D) loci in white populations. OBJECTIVE In line with recent findings, we conducted a replication study of two loci on chromosome 12p13 and 16p13 and assessed their potential associations with thyroid autoimmunity in a Japanese population. SUBJECTS AND METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE Complete Freund's Adjuvant (CFA) is known to arrest autoimmune diabetes development in non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice. However, CFA alone cannot induce effective remission in diabetic NOD mice. Previously, we reported that anti-CXC chemokine ligand 10 (CXCL10) antibody can promote beta-cell proliferation in NOD mice. In the present study, we aimed(More)
BACKGROUND We previously reported the associations of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) (DRB1 and DQB1), INS, CTLA4, IL2RA, ERBB3 and CLEC16A with Japanese type 1 diabetes (T1D). In this study, we jointly analysed these loci in addition to IFIH1 and IL7R. METHODS A maximum of 790 T1D patients and 953 control subjects were analysed. HLA was determined by(More)
We have revised a part of the diagnostic criteria for fulminant type 1 diabetes. The new criteria were set both to express the essence of this disease of rapid increase of patients' blood glucose and to be highly sensitive to reduce the misdiagnosis. After analyzing the data of 382 patients with newly-diagnosed fulminant type 1 diabetes, we adopted the(More)
Abbreviations AT1D Acute-onset type 1 diabetes DEHD Ductal epithelial hyperplasia/dysplasia JDS Japan Diabetes Society SPIDDM Slowly progressive insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus To the Editor: The report by Campbell-Thompson and colleagues [1], providing evidence that pancreatic weight is reduced irrespective of duration in type 1 diabetic donors,(More)