Akira Shibata

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A cohort of 11,580 residents of a retirement community initially free from cancer were followed from 1981 to 1989. A total of 1,335 incident cancer cases were diagnosed during the period. Relative risks of cancer were calculated for baseline consumption of vegetables, fruits, beta-carotene, dietary vitamin C, and vitamin supplements. After adjustment for(More)
It is suspected that autoimmune disease processes are involved in the pathogenesis of a part of giant cell myocarditis. However, evidence for autoimmunity has rarely been demonstrated in clinical investigations. In this study, we have demonstrated a new animal model of autoimmune myocarditis characterized by the appearance of multinucleated giant cells.(More)
The study examined the association of diabetes mellitus (DM) history with total and common site-specific cancers using a large cohort of 23,378 men and 33,503 women, extracted from 127,477 healthy participants of the JACC Study who were aged 40-79 years and living in 24 municipalities in Japan. At enrollment during 1988-90, each subject completed a(More)
Troglitazone, a new oral antidiabetic drug, is reported to be mostly metabolized to its conjugates and not to be oxidized by cytochrome P-450 (P-450) enzymes. Of fourteen cDNA-expressed human P-450 enzymes examined, CYP1A1, CYP2C8, CYP2C19, and CYP3A4 were active in catalyzing formation of a quinone-type metabolite at a concentration of 10 microM(More)
BACKGROUND Familial long-QT syndrome (LQTS) is characterized by prolonged ventricular repolarization. Clinical symptoms include recurrent syncopal attacks, and sudden death may occur due to ventricular tachyarrhythmias. Three genes responsible for this syndrome (KVLQT1, HERG, and SCN5A) have been identified so far. We investigated mutations of these genes(More)
The primary structure of a novel putative subunit of the mouse glutamate receptor channel, designated as delta 1, has been deduced by cloning and sequencing the cDNA. The delta 1 subunit shows 21-25% amino acid sequence identity with previously characterized rodent glutamate receptor channel subunits and thus may represent a new subfamily of the glutamate(More)
Ribonuclease protection assay was used to demonstrate mRNA expression of several cytokines as well as inducible NO synthase (iNOS), constitutive endothelial NO synthase (cNOS) and perforin in the myocardium during the course of experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) in rats. Interleukin 2 (IL-2) appeared in the initial inflammatory phase (day 14),(More)
We have previously shown that myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) inhibits neurite growth from a neuronal cell line. In this study we show that 60% of axonal growth cones of postnatal day 1 hippocampal neurons collapsed when they encountered polystyrene beads coated with recombinant MAG (rMAG). Such collapse was not observed with denatured rMAG. Neurite(More)
We examined the anti-tumor proliferation effects of wakame seaweed on 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)-anthracene (DMBA)-induced rat mammary tumor. DMBA was administered to 8-week-old female Sprague-Dawley rats, and rats which developed mammary tumors were assigned randomly to three groups. Commercial rat feed was used in a control group (group I-A), and two feed(More)