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The effects of sodium butyrate (SB) and trichostatin A (TSA) on cell proliferation and apoptosis against human glioma T98G, U251MG, and U87MG cells were investigated. Upon exposure to either SB or TSA, cell proliferation was reduced, and apoptosis detected by DNA fragmentation analysis and the cleavage of CPP32 was induced. Previously, we reported that SB(More)
We investigated the effects of histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors such as sodium butyrate (SB) and trichostatin A (TSA) on the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) by human glioblastoma T98G, U251MG, and U87MG cells. The glioblastoma cells secreted three VEGF isoforms, VEGF (189), (165), and (121), although the expression levels of(More)
We investigated the effects of FK228 on cell proliferation and apoptosis against human glioblastoma (GM) T98G, U251MG, and U87MG cells. Upon exposure to FK228, cell proliferation was inhibited, and apoptosis detected by the cleavage of CPP32 was induced. FK228 increased the expression levels of p21 (WAF-1) and of pro-apoptotic Bad protein in all GM cells.(More)
Propentofylline (PPF) has been reported to stimulate the synthesis/secretion of nerve growth factor (NGF) by cultured mouse astroglial cells. In the present study, we examined whether PPF stimulates NGF synthesis in human glioma cell lines, the same as in mouse astroglial cells, and if so, whether NGF has a biological effect on glioma cells. After(More)
Gene expression of HGF and c-met proto-oncogene was examined during rat brain development and in cultured PC-12 cells, using reverse-transcriptase (RT)-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique. The both mRNAs of HGF and c-met proto-oncogene were remained at low levels in the middle and late stages of gestation (E-13 and E-18). After birth, and the level of(More)
To image cerebral neural activity in ischemic areas, we proposed a novel technique to analyze spontaneous neuromagnetic fields based on standardized low-resolution brain electromagnetic tomography modified for a quantifiable method (sLORETA-qm). Using a 160-channel whole-head-type magnetoencephalographic system, cerebral magnetic fields were obtained pre-(More)
Propentofylline (PPF) is a xanthine derivative and it has been reported that PPF stimulated the synthesis/secretion of nerve growth factor (NGF) by cultured astroglial cells. We have reported that PPF induced apoptosis in human glioma cells and as its mechanism, up-regulation of NGF, Fas, Bax beta and down-regulation of Bcl-2 were assumed. Recent studies(More)
In the previous study, we have shown that propentofylline (PPF) could induce the cellular differentiation and apoptosis-related growth regression in the human glioma cell lines. Its biological functions were partly due to the increasing endogeneous NGF and its high affinity receptor, trk A productions. Although little has been known about the precise(More)
Thrombus formation within aneurysm is common and has generally been proved to be a slowly progressive phenomenon. We report two cases of acute completely thrombosis of aneurysms. The initial angiogram failed to reveal aneurysm and other etiology of subarachnoid hemorrhage. CT revealed diffuse cisternal blood and acute hydrocephalus. We decided to operate on(More)
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