Akira S. Kawai

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The ERM family members, ezrin, radixin, and moesin, localizing just beneath the plasma membranes, are thought to be involved in the actin filament/plasma membrane association. To identify the integral membrane protein directly associated with ERM family members, we performed immunoprecipitation studies using antimoesin mAb and cultured baby hamster kidney(More)
We evaluated the 2- to 7-year results of a rotating-hinge knee replacement after excision of malignant tumors of the knee joint. There were 25 distal femoral and 7 proximal tibial replacements. The 5-year prosthetic survival for distal femoral replacements was 88%, compared with 58% for proximal tibial replacements. Seven patients underwent prosthetic(More)
Synovial sarcomas are aggressive spindle cell sarcomas containing in some cases areas of epithelial differentiation. They consistently show a specific t(X;18;p11;q11), which usually represents either of two gene fusions, SYT-SSX1 or SYT-SSX2, encoding putative transcriptional proteins differing at 13 amino acid positions. Previous studies have suggested(More)
A new human chondrosarcoma cell line, OUMS-27, was established. Monolayer cultures consisted of elongated polygonal cells with a doubling time of 41 hr and a plating efficiency of 2.1%. After reaching confluence, the cells continued to slowly proliferate and formed nodule-like structures, which showed metachromasia when stained with toluidine blue,(More)
In mammals, two isoforms of the peroxisome targeting signal (PTS) type 1 receptor Pex5p, i.e. Pex5pS and Pex5pL with an internal 37-amino acid insertion, have previously been identified. Expression of either type of Pex5p complements the impaired PTS1 import in Chinese hamster ovary pex5 mutants, but only Pex5pL can rescue the PTS2 import defect noted in a(More)
BACKGROUND Synovial sarcomas account for up to 10 percent of soft-tissue sarcomas and include two major histologic subtypes, biphasic and monophasic, defined respectively by the presence and absence of glandular epithelial differentiation in a background of spindle tumor cells. A characteristic SYT-SSX fusion gene resulting from the chromosomal(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Because of increased life expectancy, most postmenopausal women today suffer from osteoporosis and atherosclerotic diseases, which are currently considered unrelated diseases. Our study was aimed at analyzing relations between bone mineral density (BMD) and ultrasonographic assessment of carotid wall characteristics. METHODS The(More)
BACKGROUND Percutaneous needle biopsy has many advantages over open biopsy in the treatment of neoplasms. However, the accuracy of needle biopsy in the diagnosis of musculoskeletal lesions has not yet been established. Here, we evaluate the accuracy and limitations of the procedure for musculoskeletal lesions. METHODS The diagnoses of 163 needle biopsies(More)
Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is an uncommon fibroblastic neoplasm. Although histologic characteristics and frequent CD34 expression allow for an accurate diagnosis in the majority of SFT cases, a wide histologic spectrum and an occasional unexpected immunophenotype may pose diagnostic challenges. Molecular analyses have discovered that almost all SFTs(More)
Larvae of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella, a crucifer specialist, refuse to feed on a crucifer, Barbarea vulgaris, because of the presence of a feeding deterrent, which is extractable with chloroform. We isolated a feeding deterrent from B. vulgaris leaves, by successive fractionations with silica-gel, ODS, i.e., C18 reversed phase, and Sephadex(More)