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  • Akira Otani
  • The American journal of clinical hypnosis
  • 2003
In this article major ancient Buddhist meditation techniques, samatha, vipassana, Zen, and ton-len, will be described in reference to contemporary clinical hypnosis. In so doing, the Eastern healing framework out of which these techniques emerged is examined in comparison with and in contrast to its Western counterpart. A growing body of empirical(More)
In recent years, an increasing number of central banks use macro stress-testing as a main tool to assess the robustness of the financial system against severe stresses to the economy, such as deep recessions and sharp rises in interest rates. This paper describes a framework for macro stress-testing on credit risk currently used at the Bank of Japan (BOJ).(More)
Hiroyuki Oi: Research Division I, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan (E-mail: hiroyuki.ooi@boj.or.jp) Akira Otani: Deputy Director and Senior Economist, Research Division I, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan (E-mail: akira.ootani@boj.or.jp) Toyoichiro Shirota: Research Division I, Institute for Monetary and(More)
I would like to thank Akihisa Shibata, associate professor of the Institute of Economic Research, Kyoto University, and the staff of the Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies (IMES), Bank of Japan for their useful comments. Tomiyuki Kitamura and Junko Miyoshi of IMES Research Division I provided valuable assistance with the model analyses, graph(More)
This paper selectively reviews the recent literature on currency regimes in Europe, the Americas, and East Asia. We argue that, given the global interdependence among today’s economies, currency regimes should always be evaluated in relation to monetary policy, fiscal policy, structural policies, and the working of financial markets. Thus, currency regimes(More)
In this paper we describe a technique of hypnotic induction, using a dialogue between two hypnotists. It combines, in principle, the utilization of the patient's unconscious resources (utilization principle) and verbal confusion (confusion principle) to evoke hypnotic responses. The process of the trance induction in the dialogue technique comprises four(More)
  • Akira Otani
  • The American journal of clinical hypnosis
  • 1993
This study cross-validated factor structure and psychometric characteristics of the Hypnotic Induction Profile (HIP). Earlier studies identified two constructs of the HIP, but their methodology did not allow empirical confirmation of the number of factors. I have used a new methodology, confirmatory factor analysis, and submitted the data from the previous(More)
  • Akira Otani
  • The American journal of clinical hypnosis
  • 1991
Context is a cognitive psychological term that has relevance to hypnosis and hypnotherapy. This paper has three purposes: (a) to review five major characteristics of contexts in light of contemporary experimental cognitive psychological findings, (b) to examine the role of contexts in hypnosis theories, and (c) to discuss applications of contexts in(More)