Akira Ohtori

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A pharmacokinetic model of intravitreal drug delivery was developed for describing the elimination and distribution of ganciclovir in the eye following intravitreous polymeric delivery. The model was based on Fick's second law of diffusion and assumed a cylindrical vitreous body. The model parameters such as the diffusion coefficient and the partition(More)
Preparation of oil-in-water (o/w) type lipid emulsion is one of the approaches to formulate drugs that are poorly water-soluble but can be dissolved in the oil phase of the emulsions. A synthetic glucocorticoid medicine, difluprednate (DFBA), is a water-insoluble compound. We formulated DFBA (0.05%, w/v) ophthalmic lipid emulsion containing 5.0% (w/v)(More)
The elimination of dexamethasone sodium m-sulfobenzoate, DMSB, following intravitreal injection, was measured in rabbit vitreous body under in vivo and in vitro conditions. The rate of elimination in vivo was appreciably greater than that in vitro, indicating that the in vivo data include not only the elimination due to metabolism/degradation in the(More)
Improved dosing regimens have been proposed for various antimicrobial agents by application of pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) principles. However, for topical ophthalmic use there are several limitations to changing the dosing regimen, such as drug formulation and bioavailability. In this study, we investigated the relationship between dosing(More)
The development of an implantable system designed to deliver drug doses in a controlled manner over an extended time period is reported. Key performance parameters are the physical size, the power consumption and also the ability to perform wireless communications to enable the system to be externally controlled and interrogated. The system has been(More)
Uniformity and precision of single dose are required for ophthalmic suspensions including water-insoluble ingredients. Solid sediments formed after standing still must be immediately re-dispersible and distributed homogeneously before use. However, selection of an appropriate water-soluble polymer as suspending agent is a challenging problem. In this(More)
The ocular bioavailability of timolol increased in sorbic acid solution due to ion pair formation. Its octanol/water partition coefficient also increased, suggesting the formation of a more lipophilic complex. The concentration of timolol in rabbit aqueous humor was determined after instillation of timolol ophthalmic solution containing sorbic acid. When(More)
Latanoprost in water is not stable against heat stress due to hydrolysis of the isopropyl ester in the latanoprost molecule. Therefore, the storage condition of latanoprost ophthalmic solution, Xalatan brand, was in a low temperature (2-8 degrees C). We formulated a favorable ophthalmic lipid emulsion of latanoprost using polyvinyl alcohol as emulsifier(More)
Ion pair formation between timolol and sorbic acid was investigated using NMR spectroscopy in order to clarify their interactions within ophthalmic preparation. (13)C and (1)H NMR spectra of timolol, sorbic acid, and a mixture of the two were obtained, and the signal changes induced by pairing were observed. The carbon signals of the butylaminopropanol(More)
A wireless power transfer and communication system based on near-field inductive coupling has been designed and implemented. The feasibility of using such a system to remotely control drug release from an implantable drug delivery system is addressed. The architecture of the wireless system is described and the signal attenuation over distance in both water(More)