Akira Ohtori

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To evaluate the residence of chitosan-coated emulsion (CE) containing indomethacin in tears, the drug retention of CE in tear fluid was compared with non-coated emulsion (NE) after instillation in rabbit eyes. CE had mean concentrations 3.6-fold and 3.8-fold higher than NE at 0.5 h and 0.75 h after instillation, respectively. Mean residence time and(More)
A pharmacokinetic model of intravitreal drug delivery was developed for describing the elimination and distribution of ganciclovir in the eye following intravitreous polymeric delivery. The model was based on Fick's second law of diffusion and assumed a cylindrical vitreous body. The model parameters such as the diffusion coefficient and the partition(More)
A dynamic mathematical model is developed to describe the distribution and elimination behavior of a drug in the vitreous body following intravitreal injection. The effects of three elimination pathways--the annular gap between the lens and the ciliary body (the posterior chamber), the lens, and the retina-choroid-sclera membrane--upon the concentration(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the efficacy of a topical hydrogel ring for drug delivery to the posterior segment of the rabbit eye. MATERIALS AND METHODS Novel hydrogel corneal lenses (CL), scleral/corneal lenses (S/CL), and rings were prepared using poly(hydroxyethyl methacrylate). The devices were immersed in 0.3% ofloxacin ophthalmic solution (OOS) to(More)
The elimination of dexamethasone sodium m-sulfobenzoate, DMSB, following intravitreal injection, was measured in rabbit vitreous body under in vivo and in vitro conditions. The rate of elimination in vivo was appreciably greater than that in vitro, indicating that the in vivo data include not only the elimination due to metabolism/degradation in the(More)
Preparation of oil-in-water (o/w) type lipid emulsion is one of the approaches to formulate drugs that are poorly water-soluble but can be dissolved in the oil phase of the emulsions. A synthetic glucocorticoid medicine, difluprednate (DFBA), is a water-insoluble compound. We formulated DFBA (0.05%, w/v) ophthalmic lipid emulsion containing 5.0% (w/v)(More)
Validation of an analytical method for impurities and degradation products in an active pharmaceutical ingredient is important to assessment of quality and safety in a new pharmaceutical product. In the present study, a high-performance liquid chromatographic method was validated to evaluate purity of loteprednol etabonate (LE). LE and its four related(More)
The ocular bioavailability of timolol increased in sorbic acid solution due to ion pair formation. Its octanol/water partition coefficient also increased, suggesting the formation of a more lipophilic complex. The concentration of timolol in rabbit aqueous humor was determined after instillation of timolol ophthalmic solution containing sorbic acid. When(More)
A wireless power transfer and communication system based on near-field inductive coupling has been designed and implemented. The feasibility of using such a system to remotely control drug release from an implantable drug delivery system is addressed. The architecture of the wireless system is described and the signal attenuation over distance in both water(More)
The development of an implantable system designed to deliver drug doses in a controlled manner over an extended time period is reported. Key performance parameters are the physical size, the power consumption and also the ability to perform wireless communications to enable the system to be externally controlled and interrogated. The system has been(More)