Akira Ohnuki

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BACKGROUND Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) often causes a prolongation of the corrected QT (QTc) interval during the acute phase. The aim of the present study was to examine independent risk factors for QTc prolongation in patients with SAH by means of multivariate analysis. METHOD We studied 100 patients who were admitted within 24 hours after onset of(More)
A 58-year-old female presented with a rare case of intracranial solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) manifesting as progressive ataxic gait and hearing loss on the left persisting for 6 months with recent symptoms of increased intracranial pressure. Computed tomography demonstrated a large isodense irregular-shaped mass in the left posterior cranial fossa.(More)
BACKGROUND Cystic lesions of the orbit have diverse clinical findings and histopathological features. We report an orbital schwannoma composed of a single cyst. CASE DESCRIPTION A 62-year-old woman with an intraconal cystic tumor in the left orbital cavity is described. The cystic tumor was totally removed and the pathological diagnosis of the cyst wall(More)
Patients with Sturge-Weber disease with epilepsy refractory to medical therapy have been reported to develop slowly progressive neurological deficits and ultimately become moderately or severely disabled. We studied six patients with Sturge-Weber syndrome including its incomplete form. Three out of six patients with Sturge-Weber syndrome revealed evolution(More)
L-type amino acid transporter 1 (LAT1), a neutral amino acid transport agent, is essential for the transport of large neutral amino acids. LAT1 also corresponds to tumor-associated gene-1 (TA1), an oncofetal antigen that is expressed primarily in fetal tissues and cancer cells such as glioma cells. We have investigated the expression of the transporter in(More)
Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathways play a crucial role in cell growth and long-lasting neuronal plasticity. Several studies have shown that phosphorylated-ERK (p-ERK) significantly increases after kainic acid (KA) administration. However, little or no information is available about the spatial distribution of p-ERK after KA-induced(More)
This report describes 2-week and 20-month histopathologic findings in small aneurysms embolized with platinum coils. Electron microscopy showed the presence of endothelial cells encroaching on the platinum coils at the orifice of the aneurysm in both cases. We confirm that endothelial growth can be induced as early as 2 weeks after embolization of small(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is known to be a mediator of angiogenesis and vascular permeability. A cystic component and haemorrhage are often found in pituitary adenomas. We assessed the VEGF expression based on immunohistochemical examinations in 48 pituitary adenomas. All the adenomas showed some VEGF immunoreactivity mainly in the cytoplasm(More)
The present study was designed to assess the relationship between the presence of focal brain aedema and serum concentrations of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) or brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in patients with subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). Serum levels of ANP and BNP were measured at six different time periods (Day 1, 2, 3, 4 to 7, 8 to 14, and 15 to(More)
We herein describe thallium-201 single photon emission tomography (T1-201 SPECT) findings in three cases with intracranial angioma. One of the lesions which was associated with chronic encapsulated intracerebral hematoma showed moderate accumulation of T1-201, but, others demonstrated no accumulation. The usefulness and limitations of T1-201 SPECT in(More)