Akira Ohnuki

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Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is known to be a mediator of angiogenesis and vascular permeability. A cystic component and hemorrhage are often found in pituitary adenomas. In the present study we assess the VEGF expression based on immunohistochemical examinations in 48 pituitary adenomas. All the adenomas showed some VEGF immunoreactivity(More)
We describe two recent cases of spontaneous intracranial hypotension. A 38-year-old woman developed a severe postural headache. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed marked dural enhancement. Histopathological findings of dural biopsy showed numerous dilated vessels in the dura, rather than hypertrophic change. Lumber CSF pressure was 5 cmH2O and RI(More)
Patients with Sturge-Weber disease with epilepsy refractory to medical therapy have been reported to develop slowly progressive neurological deficits and ultimately become moderately or severely disabled. We studied six patients with Sturge-Weber syndrome including its incomplete form. Three out of six patients with Sturge-Weber syndrome revealed evolution(More)
BACKGROUND Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) often causes a prolongation of the corrected QT (QTc) interval during the acute phase. The aim of the present study was to examine independent risk factors for QTc prolongation in patients with SAH by means of multivariate analysis. METHOD We studied 100 patients who were admitted within 24 hours after onset of(More)
Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathways play a crucial role in cell growth and long-lasting neuronal plasticity. Several studies have shown that phosphorylated-ERK (p-ERK) significantly increases after kainic acid (KA) administration. However, little or no information is available about the spatial distribution of p-ERK after KA-induced(More)
BACKGROUND Cystic lesions of the orbit have diverse clinical findings and histopathological features. We report an orbital schwannoma composed of a single cyst. CASE DESCRIPTION A 62-year-old woman with an intraconal cystic tumor in the left orbital cavity is described. The cystic tumor was totally removed and the pathological diagnosis of the cyst wall(More)
This report describes 2-week and 20-month histopathologic findings in small aneurysms embolized with platinum coils. Electron microscopy showed the presence of endothelial cells encroaching on the platinum coils at the orifice of the aneurysm in both cases. We confirm that endothelial growth can be induced as early as 2 weeks after embolization of small(More)
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) often causes hypokalemia and QT prolongation. The sex disparities among 73 patients with SAH and 96 control subjects were examined. On the first day of SAH, the mean serum potassium level was significantly lower and the mean corrected QT interval was significantly longer in the female SAH group compared with either the female(More)
The present study was designed to assess the relationship between the presence of focal brain aedema and serum concentrations of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) or brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in patients with subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). Serum levels of ANP and BNP were measured at six different time periods (Day 1, 2, 3, 4 to 7, 8 to 14, and 15 to(More)
We retrospectively studied 133 patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) to assess whether there was any gender disparity in serum electrolytes levels throughout the clinical course. Serum concentrations of sodium and potassium were measured in all patients, while catecholamines or antidiuretic hormone were assessed in a number of cases. Female(More)