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1. The effect of ouabain on catecholamine (adrenaline and noradrenaline) secretion induced by agents acting on cholinoceptors was studied in perfused cat adrenal glands. Acetylcholine (ACh) (5 x 10(-7) to 10(-3) M), pilocarpine (10(-5) to 10(-3) M) and nicotine (10(-6) to 5 x 10(-5) M) caused dose-dependent increases in catecholamine secretion. Both ACh and(More)
Progesterone, oestrone and oestradiol-17 beta levels in the muscle, fat, liver, kidney and plasma of steers treated with Synovex S, untreated steers, and cows during the normal oestrous cycle, were examined. Progesterone levels in female tissues reached a maximum in the luteal phase and fell to a minimum in the follicular phase. Oestrogen levels (oestrone(More)
The effects of catecholamines on spinal motoneurones and spinal reflex discharges were investigated in the isolated spinal cord of newborn rat. Noradrenaline (NA), adrenaline (Adr), dopamine (DA) and isoproterenol (Iso) caused depolarization of the motoneurones in a dose-dependent manner. The depolarizing action persisted in Ca2+-deficient Krebs solution.(More)
To provide information regarding the cause of the muscle rigidity in malignant hyperthermia-susceptible (MHS) pigs, the Ca-induced Ca-release mechanism of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), the Ca uptake by the SR, and the Ca-activated tension production of the contractile system were examined in skinned skeletal muscle fibers from MHS and normal pigs. In(More)
1. The effects of cyclic AMP on contraction and Ca(2+)-activated K+ currents induced by carbachol (CCh), caffeine and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) were examined in intact and skinned smooth muscle fibres and in whole-cell voltage-clamped smooth muscle cells of the rat stomach. Intracellular Ca2+ level, [Ca2+]i, was monitored in intact muscle fibres(More)
1. The onset and development of functional innervation of intramural neurones were examined by transmural nerve stimulation in circular muscle strips isolated from the rat stomach during the period from embryonic day (ED) 15 to 7-days postnatal. 2. At ED 15, transmural stimulation elicited an atropine-sensitive contraction in about half of the preparations.(More)
1. Gastric relaxation, vasodilatation and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) output from the stomach in response to stimulation of the central end of the cut vagus nerve were studied in anaesthetized dogs. 2. Central vagal stimulation (10 Hz, 40 V, 0.5 ms) normally produced a non-adrenergic, non-cholinergic (NANC) gastric relaxation via a vago-vagal(More)
Experiments were conducted on uteri excised from 44 gilts to clarify the autonomic innervation of the longitudinal (LM) and circular muscle (CM) layers of the myometrium. Functionally and biochemically, the two layers differed markedly in their reaction to transmitters. On transmural nerve stimulation (TMS) of isolated LM strips, relaxation was elicited and(More)
1. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the outputs of peptide histidine isoleucine (PHI) and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) from the gastric corpus in response to stimulation of the peripheral (PVS) and central (CVS) ends of the vagus nerve and to compare the effects of PHI on gastric motility and blood flow with those of VIP in(More)
Gold nanorods exhibit strong absorbance of light in the near infrared region, which penetrates deeply into tissues. Since the absorbed light energy is converted into heat, gold nanorods are expected to act as a contrast agent for in vivo bioimaging and as a thermal converter for photothermal therapy. To construct a gold nanorod targeted delivery system for(More)