Akira Nomura

Learn More
Neurodevelopmental abnormalities have been reported in studies on the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. The Wnt-signaling pathway has been implicated in a variety of processes in neurodevelopment, and the frizzled proteins have been identified as receptors for Wnt ligands. Of the frizzled proteins, frizzled-3 (FZD3) is required for formation of the neural(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) belongs to a family of neurotrophic factors and has been demonstrated to promote the survival, differentiation, and maintenance of a broad variety of central nervous system neurons. Several reports have suggested that the BDNF gene is a plausible functional candidate gene underlying the predisposition for developing(More)
Previous studies have indicated that genetic factors substantially affect development of substance use disorders, including methamphetamine dependence. Prodynorphin (PDYN) is an opioid peptide precursor that yields dynorphins, endogenous kappa opioid-receptor agonists that play important roles in substance abuse. A physiologically active polymorphism of 1-4(More)
Genetic contributions to the etiology of substance abuse and dependence are topics of major interest. Acute and chronic cannabis use can produce drug-induced psychosis resembling schizophrenia and worsen positive symptoms of schizophrenia. The endocannabinoid system is one of the most important neural signaling pathways implicated in substance abuse and(More)
BACKGROUND Several lines of evidence have supported possible roles of the sigma receptors in the etiology of schizophrenia and mechanisms of antipsychotic efficacy. An association study provided genetic evidence that the sigma receptor type 1 gene (SIGMAR1) was a possible susceptibility factor for schizophrenia, however, it was not replicated by a(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and safety of switching from intravenous (IV) tocilizumab (TCZ) to subcutaneous (SC) TCZ monotherapy in rheumatoid arthritis patients. METHODS Patients who had completed 24 weeks of TCZ-SC (162 mg/2 weeks) or TCZ-IV (8 mg/kg/4 weeks) monotherapy in the double-blind period of the MUSASHI study were enrolled in an 84-week(More)
The zinc finger and DHHC domain-containing protein 8 (ZDHHC8) gene is located on chromosome 22q11, which several genome scans have provided repeated evidence for a significant linkage with bipolar disorder (BPD) and schizophrenia. A recent study revealed that a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs175174, which has potential effects on splicing, in(More)
In-hospital and long-term mortality of infective endocarditis (IE) are well noted, but the studies for mid-term (90-day) mortality of IE is still limited. We determine the mid-term mortality rate of IE and its significant predictors. Seventy patients with IE were hospitalised at St. Luke’s International Hospital between January 1996 and March 2009, of whom(More)
OBJECTIVE One of the clinically significant adverse effects of olanzapine treatment is weight gain, which shows substantial inter-individual differences and may be influenced by genetic variation. The aim of this investigation was identification of genetic risk factors associated with olanzapine-induced weight gain. METHOD Inpatients with DSM-IV-TR(More)
Several genetic studies have revealed that bipolar disorders are linked with the chromosomal locus of 15q11-q13, where the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor alpha5 subunit gene (GABRA5) locates. GABA is one of the major neurotransmitters that may be involved in the pathogenesis of bipolar disorder. Five polymorphisms in the GABRA5 gene, -754C>T in the(More)