Akira Nakagawa

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The skin permeabilities of a series of eight salicylates and ten non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs were investigated in human subjects. The logarithms of % absorption through intact skin and of n-octanol/water partition coefficients (log P) of the test compounds were plotted against one another, and a parabolic relationship was obtained in both compound(More)
Importin-beta is a nuclear transport factor which mediates the nuclear import of various nuclear proteins. The N-terminal 1-449 residue fragment of mouse importin-beta (impbeta449) possesses the ability to bidirectionally translocate through the nuclear pore complex (NPC), and to bind RanGTP. The structure of the uncomplexed form of impbeta449 has been(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE High-attenuation areas (HDAs) called pseudo-subarachnoid hemorrhages (SAHs) may develop in some patients resuscitated from cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA), though no hemorrhage has occurred. We investigated the imaging characteristics and clinical significance of this phenomenon. MATERIALS AND METHODS CT images of consecutive patients(More)
The secondary metabolites of higher plants include diverse chemicals, such as alkaloids, isoprenoids and phenolic compounds (phenylpropanoids and flavonoids). Although these compounds are widely used in human health and nutrition, at present they are mainly obtained by extraction from plants and extraction yields are low because most of these metabolites(More)
D-Dopachrome tautomerase shares a low homologous amino acid sequence (33% homology) with the macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) and possesses similar tautomerase activity as well. MIF is a cytokine involved in inflammatory reactions and immune responses. Whereas recent studies have identified MIF as a pituitary hormone and immunoregulator, much(More)
The structure of human MRP8 in the calcium-bound form was determined at 1.9 A resolution by X-ray crystallography. The structure was initially solved by MAD phasing of an ytterbium-substituted crystal and was refined against data obtained from a Ca(2+)-bound crystal. The dimeric form of MRP8 was stabilized by hydrophobic interactions between mutually(More)
Recent investigations indicated that hyperthermia has antitumor effects. Several interstitial hyperthermic techniques were developed, and their clinical usefulness and safety were evaluated. However, few authors have attempted to study the use of interstitial hyperthermia for the treatment of pancreatic carcinomas. Therefore the efficacy of local selective(More)
AM-2282, a new alkaloid has been isolated from cultures of Streptomyces sp. AM-2282 by solvent extraction and silica gel chromatography. The compound exhibits a strong absorption maximum at 292 nm and shows antimicrobial activity against fungi and yeast. The LD50 of its hydrochloride (i.p. in mice) is 6.6 mg/kg. The molecular formula of AM-2282 has been(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to analyse the immunopathological mechanisms of vasculo-Behçet disease, which were also compared to cases of Takayasu's arteritis and inflammatory aneurysm to evaluate differences in inflammatory mechanisms. METHOD AND RESULTS We reviewed six cases of vasculo-Behçet disease, four of Takayasu's arteritis and seven inflammatory(More)
The tertiary structure of the macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) from rat liver (12,300 Mr) is presented at 2.2 A resolution. Each monomer consists of two beta/alpha/beta motifs aligned in quasi two-fold symmetry, comprising a domain consisting of a four-stranded mixed beta-sheet and two antiparallel alpha-helices. The protein exists as a trimer(More)