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Signals emanating from the receptor for interleukin-1 (IL-1), lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or osteoclast differentiation factor/receptor activator of NF kappa B ligand (ODF/RANKL) stimulate transcription factors AP-1 through mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activation and NF kappa B through I kappa B kinase (IKK) activation. These kinases are thought to(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a major human pathogen that chronically infects approximately 350 million people, causing liver disease and liver cancer. HBV virions bud into an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated intracellular compartment, but the mechanisms of HBV assembly, budding, and release remain poorly understood. Budding of retroviruses and some other(More)
BACKGROUND TRAF6, a member of the tumour necrosis factor receptor-associated factor family, was first identified as a transducer of CD40 and interleukin-1 receptor (IL-1R) signals based on the interaction of TRAF6 with the cytoplasmic tail of CD40 and with the IL-1R associated kinase in vitro. However, the functions of TRAF6 in vivo remain unidentified. (More)
A multichannel functional electrical stimulation (FES) system for the restoration of quadriplegic upper extremity function is described. The system is composed of a personal computer NEC PC-8801mkII, peripheral electronic circuits, CRT display and respiratory sensors for volitional control by the patient, and percutaneous electrodes. A C4 quadriplegic(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of percutaneous radiofrequency (RF) ablation therapy combined with cementoplasty under computed tomography and fluoroscopic guidance for painful bone metastases. Seventeen adult patients with 23 painful bone metastases underwent RF ablation therapy combined with cementoplasty during a 2-year(More)
The interaction of a tea catechin, epigallocatechin gallate (EGCg), with the model membrane of dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) was studied by solid-state (31)P and (2)H NMR. The (31)P chemical shift anisotropy of the DMPC phosphate group decreased on addition of EGCg. The (2)H NMR spectrum of [4-(2)H]EGCg, which is deuterated at the 4-position, in the(More)
Neural projection from the brachioradialis to the biceps brachii motoneurones in human was studied using the method of post-stimulus time histogram. Electrical stimulation to the radial branch innervating the brachioradialis produced inhibition in 11 out of 21 biceps motor units. The central delays of the inhibition were 0.7–1.2 ms longer than those of the(More)
The biceps brachii (BB) belongs to elbow flexors. However, because the BB acts not only as the flexor, but also as a forearm supinator in humans, its activities are much different from those of the other flexors (the brachialis and brachioradialis: BR and BRR, respectively). The present paper describes unique characteristics of the BB that emerged from(More)
Oncogenes (c-erbB-2, c-myc, and some genes linked to the 11q13 lesion), tumor suppressor genes (retinoblastoma gene, p53) and an antimetastatic gene (nm23/nucleoside diphosphate kinase) play important roles in breast cancer progression. Amplification of c-erbB-2, c-myc, and int-2, and expression of RB, p53(mutant), and NDP kinase were determined in 77(More)