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Signals emanating from the receptor for interleukin-1 (IL-1), lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or osteoclast differentiation factor/receptor activator of NF kappa B ligand (ODF/RANKL) stimulate transcription factors AP-1 through mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activation and NF kappa B through I kappa B kinase (IKK) activation. These kinases are thought to(More)
BACKGROUND TRAF6, a member of the tumour necrosis factor receptor-associated factor family, was first identified as a transducer of CD40 and interleukin-1 receptor (IL-1R) signals based on the interaction of TRAF6 with the cytoplasmic tail of CD40 and with the IL-1R associated kinase in vitro. However, the functions of TRAF6 in vivo remain unidentified. (More)
A multichannel functional electrical stimulation (FES) system for the restoration of quadriplegic upper extremity function is described. The system is composed of a personal computer NEC PC-8801mkII, peripheral electronic circuits, CRT display and respiratory sensors for volitional control by the patient, and percutaneous electrodes. A C4 quadriplegic(More)
In a prospective randomised controlled trial, 48 students were randomly assigned to stress reduction training before exams with self-hypnosis, Johrei or a mock neurofeedback relaxation control. Peripheral blood lymphocyte subpopulations and self-reported stress (Perceived Stress Scale) were measured before training and 1-2 months later as exams approached.(More)
Calcitonin is a 32-residue peptide hormone known for its hypocalcemic effect and its inhibition of bone resorption. While calcitonin has been used in therapy for osteoporosis and Paget's disease for decades, human calcitonin (hCT) forms fibrils in aqueous solution that limit its therapeutic application. The molecular mechanism of fiber formation by(More)
Fibril formation in human calcitonin (hCT) from aqueous solution at pH 4.1 was examined and compared with those at pH 3.3 and 7.5 corresponding to three different net charges by means of site-directed (13)C solid-state NMR spectroscopy. Notably, the observed (13)C chemical shifts and lineshapes of the (13)C CP/MAS spectra differed substantially among(More)
Oncogenes (c-erbB-2, c-myc, and some genes linked to the 11q13 lesion), tumor suppressor genes (retinoblastoma gene, p53) and an antimetastatic gene (nm23/nucleoside diphosphate kinase) play important roles in breast cancer progression. Amplification of c-erbB-2, c-myc, and int-2, and expression of RB, p53(mutant), and NDP kinase were determined in 77(More)
To study the significance of p53 abnormality in parathyroid tumors, 32 parathyroid adenomas and 22 hyperplastic glands from 14 cases of secondary hyperparathyroidism were analysed using immunohistochemistry, polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP), single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) and DNA sequencing.(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of percutaneous radiofrequency (RF) ablation therapy combined with cementoplasty under computed tomography and fluoroscopic guidance for painful bone metastases. Seventeen adult patients with 23 painful bone metastases underwent RF ablation therapy combined with cementoplasty during a 2-year(More)