Akira Nabeshima

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Glibenclamide is one of the most potent sulfonylurea-derived antidiabetic drugs which block the adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium (KATP) channels. In the present study, we found that none of morphine, U-50,488H (a selective kappa agonist) and baclofen (a selective GABAB agonist) added to the incubation medium at concentrations up to 10(-4) M had(More)
4,6-O-Ethylidene glucose (ethylidene glucose), a specific inhibitor at the outer surface of a glucose transporter in the cell membranes, substituted analogue of streptozotocin was newly synthesized. This compound did not induce diabetes in rats and also did not show cytotoxic effect on pancreatic beta cells of neonatal rats in a monolayer culture system.(More)
Changes in gamma-aminobutyric acidA (GABAA) receptor function and their relation to cross-tolerance to ethanol (EtOH) were studied in diazepam (DZP)-dependent rats. Physical dependence on DZP was induced in male Fischer rats by using the drug-admixed food method. The 38Cl- influx into cerebral cortical synaptoneurosomes induced by 10 microM GABA in(More)
UNLABELLED Total joint replacement is a cost-effective surgical procedure for patients with end-stage arthritis. Wear particle-induced chronic inflammation is associated with the development of periprosthetic osteolysis. Modulation of NF-κB signaling in macrophages, osteoclasts, and mesenchymal stem cells could potentially mitigate this disease. In the(More)
Ewing sarcoma (ES) is a small round-cell tumor of the bones and soft tissues. ES frequently causes distant metastases, particularly in the lung and bone, which worsens patient prognosis. Cadherin-11 (Cad-11) is an adhesion molecule that is highly expressed in osteoblasts. Its expression is associated with bone metastases in prostate and breast cancer(More)
Macrophages are an important component of the inflammatory cascade by initiating and modulating the processes leading to tissue regeneration and bone healing. Depending on the local environment, macrophages can be polarized into M1 (pro-inflammatory) or M2 (anti-inflammatory) phenotypes. In order to assess the effects of aging on macrophage function, bone(More)
Synovial sarcoma (SS) is a rare high-grade malignant mesenchymal tumour with a relatively poor prognosis despite intensive multimodal therapy. Although pazopanib, a multi-kinase inhibitor, is often used for advanced SS, most cases eventually become resistant to pazopanib. In the present study, we investigated the mechanisms of acquired pazopanib resistance(More)
Changes in GABAA receptor function were studied in pentobarbital (PB)-dependent rats. Physical dependence on PB in male Lewis rats was induced by the drug-admixed food method. The 36Cl- influx into cerebral cortical synaptoneurosomes induced by 10 microM GABA in the PB-dependent rat was significantly decreased compared with the control. The enhancement of(More)
Bone fractures are among the most common orthopaedic problems that affect individuals of all ages. Immediately after injury, activated macrophages dynamically contribute to and regulate an acute inflammatory response that involves other cells at the injury site, including mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). These macrophages and MSCs work in concert to modulate(More)
Chronic inflammation is associated with up-regulation of the transcription factor nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) and excessive inflammatory cytokine secretion by M1 macrophages. The anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-4 converts pro-inflammatory M1 macrophages into an anti-inflammatory and tissue-regenerative(More)