Akira Murasawa

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The aim of the study was to determine the frequency of amyloidosis detected by gastroduodenal biopsy in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, and to investigate correlations between the results of gastroduodenal biopsy and abdominal fat and renal biopsies. A total of consecutive 1006 RA patients underwent gastroduodenal biopsy. The 71 patients who tested(More)
PURPOSE Pain-free stability of the wrist is a prerequisite for the rheumatoid hand to maintain power and perform various tasks. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a radiocarpal (radiolunate, radioscapholunate, or radiolunotriquetral) arthrodesis produces a stable wrist and whether the results remain satisfactory for more than 10 years. (More)
Rheumatoid arthritis is a common autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation. We report a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in a Japanese population including 4,074 individuals with rheumatoid arthritis (cases) and 16,891 controls, followed by a replication in 5,277 rheumatoid arthritis cases and 21,684 controls. Our study(More)
BACKGROUND Periodontopathic bacteria have been implicated as contributory to the etiology of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Anticyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) antibodies and rheumatoid factor (RF) were shown to be associated with RA. This study examines whether serum levels of antibodies to periodontopathic bacteria may affect clinical and laboratory(More)
A 75-year-old female rheumatoid arthritis patient who was positive for hepatitis B surface antigen and for antibodies to hepatitis Be antigen showed liver dysfunction, and therefore methotrexate (MTX) therapy was discontinued. Her drug lymphocyte stimulation test indicated positivity for MTX. Her liver dysfunction improved briefly, but she developed(More)
BACKGROUND Cytokines play a major role in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and periodontitis. Both diseases were previously shown to be partly influenced by cytokine gene polymorphisms. Therefore, we evaluated whether the distributions of the cytokine genotypes were unique to subjects with both diseases. METHODS The study subjects consisted(More)
BACKGROUND Methylation status of the cytokine genes may play a role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and chronic periodontitis (CP). This study was undertaken to evaluate whether the DNA methylation profile of the interleukin-6 (IL-6) gene promoter was unique to individuals with RA and CP. METHODS The study(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate perioperative changes in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients treated with tocilizumab. METHODS We collected RA cases with tocilizumab and orthopaedic surgery from 1999 to 2010. Incidences of postoperative infections, delayed wound healing, and RA symptom flare-ups were extracted from the data for comparison with patients without these(More)
There have been many previously reported cases of adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) which were successfully treated with tocilizumab (TCZ). However, the efficacy and safety of TCZ therapy for AOSD-associated macrophage activation syndrome (MAS), and the optimal duration of TCZ therapy, remain unclear. We herein report two cases of refractory AOSD, one of(More)
BACKGROUND Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and periodontitis are common chronic inflammatory conditions and share many pathologic features. A similar profile of cytokines is involved in the pathogenesis of the two diseases. The relationship between the disease activity of RA and the periodontal condition remains unclear. This study examines whether the disease(More)