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We investigated and compared three approaches for shotgun protein identification by combining MS and MS/MS information using LTQ-Orbitrap high mass accuracy data. In the first approach, we employed a unique mass identifier method where MS peaks matched to peptides predicted from proteins identified from an MS/MS database search are first subtracted before(More)
Phosphoproteomics, the targeted study of a subfraction of the proteome which is modified by phosphorylation, has become an indispensable tool to study cell signaling dynamics. We described a methodology that linked phosphoproteome and proteome analysis based on Ba2+ binding properties of amino acids. This technology selected motif-specific phosphopeptides(More)
The calcium-binding proteins S100A8 and S100A9 can dimerize to form calprotectin, the release of which during tissue damage has been implicated in inflammation and metastasis. However, receptor(s) mediating the physiologic and pathophysiologic effects of this damage-associated "danger signal" are uncertain. In this study, searching for candidate(More)
Shotgun proteomics typically uses multidimensional LC/MS/MS analysis of enzymatically digested proteins, where strong cation-exchange (SCX) and reversed-phase (RP) separations are coupled to increase the separation power and dynamic range of analysis. Here we report an on-line multidimensional LC method using an anion- and cation-exchange mixed bed for the(More)
Filaggrin protein is synthesized in the stratum granulosum of the skin and contributes to the formation of the human skin barrier. Profilaggrin is cleaved by proteolytic enzymes and converted to functional filaggrin, but its processing mechanism remains not fully elucidated. Kallikrein-related peptidase 5 (KLK5) is a major serine protease found in the skin,(More)
The receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) is thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of a broad range of inflammatory, degenerative and hyperproliferative diseases. It binds to diverse ligands and activates multiple intracellular signaling pathways. Despite these pivotal functions, molecular events just downstream of ligand-activated RAGE(More)
Multidimensional separation is one of the most successful approaches for proteomics studies that deal with complex samples. We have developed an automated ultra-high-pressure multidimensional liquid chromatography system that operates up to approximately 20 kpsi to improve separations and increase protein coverage from limited amount of samples. The(More)
An analytical method that enables direct and sensitive determination of endogenous melatonin (MLT) in human saliva was developed by means of column-switching semi-microcolumn liquid chromatography (i.d.: 1-2 mm)/mass spectrometry (LC/MS). The system allows direct injection analysis of a 400-microL aliquot of saliva with minimal sample pretreatment (internal(More)
RATIONALE Zero volt paper spray ionization (zvPSI) is a newly developed sample introduction/ionization technique for mass spectrometry (MS), which combines favorable features of paper spray ionization (PSI) and solvent-assisted inlet ionization (SAII). With a simple platform similar to PSI, zvPSI allows direct MS analysis of a broad type of samples (liquid,(More)