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UV exposure of DNA molecules induces serious DNA lesions. The cyclobutane pyrimidine dimer (CPD) photolyase repairs CPD-type - lesions by using the energy of visible light. Two chromophores for different roles have been found in this enzyme family; one catalyzes the CPD repair reaction and the other works as an antenna pigment that harvests photon energy.(More)
Previous studies by the authors demonstrated that the response of urinary aquaporin-2 (AQP2) excretion to dDAVP (deamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin) infusion is an index of vasopressin action on the kidney (N Engl J Med 332: 1540-1545, 1995). In the study presented here, the characteristics of urinary excretion of AQP2 were examined further. An RIA suitable(More)
BACKGROUND Recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa is a rare disorder characterized by extreme vulnerability of the squamous epithelium and mucous membranes. Minor trauma such as is caused by swallowing solid food is followed by blistering and scarring. Stricture formation at the pharyngoesophageal junction (C6 or C7) is the severest complication of this(More)
Combined use of magnetoencephalography (MEG), functional magnetic resonance imaging (f-MRI), and motor evoked potentials (MEPs) was carried out on one patient in an attempt to localise precisely a structural lesion to the central sulcus. A small cyst in the right frontoparietal region was thought to be the cause of generalised seizures in an otherwise(More)
Retrospective evaluation was made of four patients with tuberculous spondylitis who had been studied by MR with T1- and T2-weighted images in the sagittal plane and spin-density-weighted images in the axial plane. Evaluation was made of the distribution of abnormal signals within the body and posterior elements of the vertebrae, the intervertebral disk, and(More)
PURPOSE Our goal was to evaluate the ability of helical CT to identify and demonstrate the origins and courses of bronchial arteries, using the curved reformation technique, in patients undergoing bronchial arterial interventional procedures. METHODS Thin section helical CT was performed on seven patients before bronchial arterial interventional(More)
The CT and MR findings of seven patients with pathologically proved ruptured dermoid cysts were reviewed to analyze the MR characteristics and to see if MR evaluation had significant advantages over CT. In six cases, both CT and MR identified fatty material in the CSF spaces. Hemorrhage complicated preoperative diagnosis in one case. Patterns of extraaxial(More)
The magnetic resonance images of 16 patients with intradural-extramedullary spinal tumors, consisting of 11 neurinomas and five meningiomas were reviewed. The neurinomas appeared hypointense compared to the spinal cord on unenhanced T1-weighted images (T1WI) in nine of 11 patients, and hyperintense on T2-weighted images (T2WI) in nine of 11 patients. Neural(More)
Two cases of intracranial penetration of a plastic or wooden chopstick via the optic canal are described. CT scans showed the chopsticks as linear hypodense structures in the suprasellar cistern contiguous with the optic canal. In one case, MR imaging was performed, which clearly depicted the foreign body and adjacent brain structures. Although they are(More)