Akira Miyamoto

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PURPOSE Human skeletal muscle probably atrophies as a result of spaceflight, but few studies have examined this issue. Thus, little is known about the influence of microgravity upon human skeletal muscle, nor is it possible to assess the validity of ground based models of spaceflight. This study tested the hypothesis that the magnitude of spaceflight(More)
Hitherto analyses of protein complexes are frequently confined to the changes in the interface of the protein subunits undergoing interaction, while the holistic picture of the protein monomers' structure transformation, or the pervasive rigidity adopted by the newly formed complex are most often than not improperly evaluated in spite of the multiple and(More)
Fast and proper assessment of bio macro-molecular complex structural rigidity as a measure of structural stability can be useful in systematic studies to predict molecular function, and can also enable the design of rapid scoring functions to rank automatically generated bio-molecular complexes. Based on the graph theoretical approach of Jacobs et al.(More)
The permeability of the plasma membrane plays a crucial role in the successful cryopreservation of oocytes/embryos. To identify a stage feasible for the cryopreservation of teleost oocytes, we investigated the permeability to water and various cryoprotectants of medaka (Oryzias latipes) oocytes at the germinal vesicle (GV) and metaphase II (MII) stages. In(More)
A novel algorithm is introduced to deal with intra-molecular motions of loops and domains that undergo proteins at interaction with other proteins. The methodology is based on complex energy landscape sampling and robotic motion planning. Mapping high flexibility regions on the protein underlies the proposed algorithm. This is the first time this type of(More)
The phagocyte NADPH oxidase complex plays a crucial role in host defense against microbial infection through the production of superoxides. Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is an inherited immune deficiency caused by the absence of certain components of the NADPH oxidase. Key to the activation of the NADPH oxidase is the cytoplasmic subunit p47phox,(More)
In this study we have undertaken the theoretical analysis of the effect of R249S carcinogenic and H168R-R249S suppressor mutation at core domain of the tumor suppressor protein p53, on its natural interaction with DNA using a newly developed method. The results show that the carcinogenic mutation R249S affects the flexibility of L3 loop region in p53,(More)
[Purpose] This study aimed to examine whether motor abilities of children with cerebral palsy are related to their problematic behaviors. [Subjects] The subjects were children with mental retardation who were undergoing physical therapy. [Methods] Twenty-one examiners, 13 physical therapists, and 8 occupational therapists treated and examined the subjects(More)
The tumor suppressor protein p53 is inhibited while mouse double minute 2 (MDM2) protein binds on its transactivation domain. Overexpression of MDM2 impairs p53 function and are observed in many human tumors. Disruption of MDM2–p53 interaction leads to increased p53 level and restores p53 transcriptional activity. Restoration of p53 activity through(More)