Akira Mikami

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Polysomnographic findings and clinical symptoms were investigated in 14 cases of upper airway resistance syndrome. The mean scores of the Epworth sleepiness scale and self-rating depression scale in eight cases were 13.5 and 38.6, respectively. The mean sleep latency of the multiple sleep latency test in four cases was 10.2 min. Seven cases were treated(More)
AIMS Oxidative stress has gained attention recently in psychiatric medicine and has been reported to be associated with various diseases. However, the psychosocial factors involved in oxidative stress are still not well understood. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine whether anxiety levels and neuroticism were associated with serum oxidative and(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ramelteon 4, 8, 16 or 32 mg and placebo in Japanese patients with chronic insomnia using a randomized, double-blind, five-period crossover design. A total of 65 Japanese patients with chronic primary insomnia received ramelteon or placebo for two nights each in sleep laboratories. Changes in(More)
Eating disorders are common psychiatric disorders in young women. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the gastric electrical activity of patients with eating disorders and its relation to their symptoms. The electrogastrography (EGG) was performed before and after a water load test for outpatients with eating disorders (n = 36; 14 anorexia nervosa,(More)
Obesity is a common predisposition to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). By statistical analysis of the respondents to a questionnaire that was distributed to members of the Kansai Rugby Association, we examined whether weight gain increased the incidence of these diseases and whether GERD alone disturbs(More)
PURPOSES The Japanese word "ronin-sei" refers to a student who has failed their university entrance examination and is preparing to re-take the examination in the following year. We aimed to determine how sleep duration is associated with daytime sleepiness or depression in ronin-sei because impaired daytime performance is known to result from sleep(More)
The effect of transcranial magnetic stimulation on higher cerebral function was studied using 3 monkeys. They were trained in a delayed response task which required spatial short-term memory. The task was presented by a computer on a cathode-ray tube and results of the delayed response task, which consisted of the percentage of correct choices, reaction(More)
Although menopausal insomnia is of clinical significance, the essential features of this form of disrupted sleep are poorly understood. The aim of the present study was to identify the sleep characteristics of menopausal insomnia by using overnight polysomnography (PSG). Twenty-one subjects with menopausal insomnia (MI) and 13 sex- and age-matched normal(More)
OBJECTIVES We aimed to characterize the association between jaw muscle contractions and respiratory events in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and to investigate the responsiveness of the contractions to respiratory events in comparison with that of leg muscles in terms of arousal types and sleep states. METHODS Polysomnographic (PSG)(More)
Severity of negative esophageal pressure (Pes) and apnea hypopnea index (AHI) were investigated in six cases of upper airway resistance syndrome (UARS) and 11 cases of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). The severity of negative Pes was represented by the highest peak (Pes Max) and the number of increased episodes (more than 13.5 cmH2O) per h(More)