Akira Kurozumi

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BACKGROUND Our present study of the microRNA (miRNA) expression signature in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) revealed that the clustered miRNAs microRNA-221 (miR-221) and microRNA-222 (miR-222) are significantly downregulated in cancer tissues. The aim of this study was to investigate the functional roles of miR-221 and miR-222 in prostate(More)
Analysis of microRNA (miRNA) expression signatures in prostate cancer (PCa) and castration-resistant PCa has revealed that miRNA-223 is significantly downregulated in cancer tissues, suggesting that miR-223 acts as a tumor-suppressive miRNA by targeting oncogenes. The aim of this study was to investigate the functional roles of miR-223 and identify(More)
Our past studies of microRNA (miRNA) expression signatures of cancers including prostate cancer (PCa) revealed that microRNA-26a and microRNA-26b (miR-26a and miR-26b) were significantly downregulated in cancer tissues. In the present study, we found that restoration of miR-26a or miR-26b significantly inhibited PCa cell invasion. Gene expression data and(More)
Our recent studies of microRNA (miRNA) expression signatures of prostate cancer (PCa) showed that six miRNAs (specifically, miR-26a, miR-26b, miR-29a, miR-29b, miR-29c and miR-218) were markedly reduced in cancer tissues. Moreover, ectopic expression of these miRNAs suppressed PCa cell aggressiveness, indicating that these miRNAs acted in concert to(More)
Statins are used to treat hypercholesterolemia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, but many of these patients fail to achieve the target LDL-C level. Recent reports have suggested that a synergistic effect can be obtained by concomitant administration of the cholesterol absorption inhibitor ezetimibe and a statin. However, in patients with type 2(More)
microRNAs, a class of small non-coding RNAs, regulate protein-coding gene expression by repressing translation or cleaving RNA transcripts in a sequence-specific manner. A growing body of evidence suggests that microRNAs contribute to prostate cancer development, progression and metastasis. Based on reports describing microRNA expression signatures, several(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the functional roles of microRNA-205 in the modulation of novel cancer pathways in prostate cancer cells. METHODS Functional studies of microRNA-205 were carried out to investigate cell proliferation, migration and invasion in prostate cancer cell lines (PC3 and DU145) by restoration of mature microRNA. In silico database and(More)
In spite of considerable advances in multimodality therapy, including surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy, the overall survival rate for patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is very poor (only 15-45%). Understanding the molecular mechanisms of metastatic pathways underlying HNSCC using currently available genomic approaches might(More)
Molecular targeted therapy is a standard treatment for patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Sunitinib is one of the most common molecular-targeted drugs for metastatic RCC. Molecular mechanisms of sunitinib resistance in RCC cells is still ambiguous. The microRNA (miRNA) expression signature of patients with sunitinib failure in RCC was(More)
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is one of the most aggressive malignancies. Recently developed molecular targeted therapies are not available for patients with ESCC. After curative surgical resection, patients frequently suffer distant metastasis and recurrence. Exploration of novel ESCC metastatic pathways may lead to the development of new(More)