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Few studies have demonstrated in vivo alterations of human serotonin and dopamine transporters (SERTS and DATS) during antidepressant treatment. The current study measured these transporter availabilities with [(123)I]beta-CIT single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) during administration of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or a(More)
BACKGROUND Few studies have investigated the predictive value of central serotonin transporter (SERT) availability for treatment response to serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). This study used brain imaging to examine the relationship between pretreatment brain SERT availability and transporter occupancy by SSRIs with treatment response in two(More)
OBJECTIVE Having cancer is extremely stressful, and distressing cancer-related recollections are frequently reported by cancer survivors. Smaller hippocampal volume has been observed in stress-related neuropsychiatric disorders, such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depression. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigated the effect of estrogen on brain serotonin 2A (5-HT(2A)) receptors in postmenopausal women and whether there was any correlation of receptor changes with cognition and mood. METHOD Ten postmenopausal subjects underwent positron emission tomography measurements of 5-HT(2A) receptor binding with [(18)F]deuteroaltanserin(More)
BACKGROUND Psychological distress is frequently observed, however, it is underestimated in cancer patients. The aim of this study is to develop a simple battery for screening for psychological distress, adjustment disorder and major depressive disorder in Japanese cancer patients. METHODS One hundred and twenty-eight cancer patients were interviewed by(More)
This paper describes a study of the psychometric properties of the Japanese version of the mental adjustment to cancer (MAC) scale developed in England. The scale was completed by 455 Japanese cancer patients. The internal consistency was similar to that of the original version (Cronbach's alpha coefficients for the subscales ranged from 0.60 to 0.78) and(More)
The monoamine theory has implicated abnormalities in serotonin and norepinephrine in the pathophysiology of major depression and bipolar illness and contributed greatly to our understanding of mood disorders and their treatment. Nevertheless, some limitations of this model still exist that require researchers and clinicians to seek further explanation and(More)
BACKGROUND Major depression is more prevalent in women than men. The present study evaluated if previous findings that demonstrated decreased 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) transporter availability in depressed patients would be confirmed in a larger sample and also evaluated sex differences. METHODS Depressed (n = 32) and healthy subjects (n = 32), including(More)
There are a number of investigations which indicate the important relationship between depression and cytokines. In this study, we investigated plasma interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-6, soluble IL-2 receptor (sIL-2R) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha of depressed patients whose clinical evaluation was performed by the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression(More)
BACKGROUND A previous single photon emission computed tomography study showed decreased central type benzodiazepine receptors in the prefrontal cortex in Vietnam War veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder. To assess the generalizability of this finding to patients with more recent history, we studied central type benzodiazepine receptors in Gulf War(More)