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Mice with a targeted mutation of the gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) receptor gene (GIPR) were generated to determine the role of GIP as a mediator of signals from the gut to pancreatic beta cells. GIPR-/- mice have higher blood glucose levels with impaired initial insulin response after oral glucose load. Although blood glucose levels after meal(More)
Rectovestibular (or anovestibular) fistula is the most common form of anorectal anomaly in female infants. In the surgical repair of these malformations, anal transplantation has been in widespread conventional use. Based on the idea of posterior sagittal anorectoplasty, we devised a new approach, anterior sagittal anorectoplasty, in which, in the lithotomy(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital esophageal stenosis (CES) has been reported to be a rare association in patients with esophageal atresia or tracheoesophageal fistula, or both (EA-TEF). This study investigates the clinical characteristics of this association with special reference to its treatment. METHODS A retrospective review of medical and radiographic records(More)
PURPOSE To report the results of three methods of foveal translocation in the presence of subfoveal choroidal neovascular membrane resulting from age-related macular degeneration. METHODS We treated 51 eyes of 51 consecutive patients with subfoveal choroidal neovascular membranes resulting from age-related macular degeneration with one of three techniques(More)
The presence of somatostatin receptors has been demonstrated in various endocrine tumors as well as in normal tissues. We recently have cloned five human somatostatin receptor subtypes (SSTR1-SSTR5). These mRNAs are expressed in a tissue-specific manner. In this study, we have determined the somatostatin receptor subtypes expressed in various endocrine(More)
Drug dependence tests on a new intravenous anesthesia inducer midazolam were performed in comparison with triazolam in male cynomolgus monkeys utilizing the intravenous route of administration. In the animals trained to self-administer sodium pentobarbital (0.6-1 mg/kg/inj) under FR1 and FR10 reinforcement schedules, 0.01 midazolam and 0.001 mg/kg/inj(More)
Cerebral ischemia followed by oxygen reperfusion induces apoptosis in hippocampal neurons in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) but not in Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY). The overproduction of oxygen-free radicals that occurs in the tissues of SHRSP is implicated in reoxygenation injury after hypoxia. Antioxidants inhibit reoxygenation injury in(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Congenital motor dysfunction of the intestine associated with a morphologically abnormal myenteric nervous plexus (MP) is known as Hirschsprung's disease allied disorder (HAD). However, the clinicopathologic features of HAD are not well understood, partially because a standardized method of histologic evaluation of MP has not been(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Laparoscopically assisted endorectal pull-through (EPT) via a perineal approach using a prolapsing technique (PA) for Hirschsprung's disease (HD) has been reported. However, the clinical outcome after this approach has not been reported. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcome of PA and the conventional(More)