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We have compared the molecular specificities of the adhesive interactions of melanoma and fibroblastic cells with fibronectin. Several striking differences were found in the sensitivity of the two cell types to inhibition by a series of synthetic peptides modeled on the Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser (RGDS) tetrapeptide adhesion signal. Further evidence for differences(More)
Endothelial cell growth factor (ECGF) is a potent polypeptide mitogen for endothelial cells and fibroblasts. The mitogenic effects of ECGF are inhibited by the lymphokine gamma-interferon (gamma-IFN) in a dose-dependent manner. Gamma-IFN also induces a unique change in endothelial cell morphology which is maximally expressed in the presence of ECGF. The(More)
Fibronectin contains at least two domains that support cell adhesion. One is the central cell-binding domain that is recognized by a variety of cell types, including fibroblasts. The second, originally identified by its ability to support melanoma cell adhesion, is located in the alternatively spliced type III connecting segment (IIICS). Using specific(More)
To detect caspase activities in intact apoptotic cells at the single cell level, cell-permeable fluorogenic caspase substrates were synthesized incorporating the optimal peptide recognition motifs for caspases 1, 3/7, 6, 8, and 9. Caspase activities were then assessed at various times after in vitro treatment of mouse thymocytes with dexamethasone or(More)
We have explored the hypothesis that hypertrophy of vascular smooth muscle cells may be regulated, in part, by growth inhibitory factors that alter the pattern of the growth response to serum mitogens by characterizing the effects of the potent growth inhibitor, transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), on both hyperplastic and hypertrophic growth of(More)
We previously showed that fibronectin (FN) synergized with anti-CD3 in induction of CD4+ T cell proliferation, and that VLA-5 acted as a functional FN receptor in a serum-free culture system. In the present study, we showed that VLA-4 is also involved in this CD3-dependent CD4 cell activation through its interaction with the alternatively spliced CS1 domain(More)
Van der Waals interactions between sidechains are indicated to be important in determining the native state of the proteins of known structure by the following observations: 1. the average radial distribution of polarity increases continuously from the center of the molecule to its periphery. 2. nonpolar sidechains tend to occur in clusters. 3. the(More)
Lymphocyte-mediated cytotoxicity via granule exocytosis operates by the perforin-mediated transfer of granzymes from CTLs and NK cells into target cells where caspase activation and other death pathways are triggered. Granzyme B (GzB) is a major cytotoxic effector in this pathway, and its fate in target cells has been studied by several groups using(More)
INTRODUCTION Blue-green 488-nm laser sources are widespread in flow cytometry but suffer some drawbacks for cell analysis, including their excitation of endogenous proteins (resulting in high cellular autofluorescence) and their less-than-optimal coincidence with the excitation maxima of commonly used fluorochromes, including the phycoerythrins (PE). Longer(More)
Previous studies of thymocyte apoptosis using a series of cell-permeable fluorogenic peptide substrates showed that Fas cross-linking triggered a caspase cascade in which cleavage of the IETDase (caspase 8-selective) substrate was the earliest caspase activity measured by flow cytometry. This result was expected in light of the abundant evidence for caspase(More)