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We have compared the molecular specificities of the adhesive interactions of melanoma and fibroblastic cells with fibronectin. Several striking differences were found in the sensitivity of the two cell types to inhibition by a series of synthetic peptides modeled on the Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser (RGDS) tetrapeptide adhesion signal. Further evidence for differences(More)
Fibronectin contains at least two domains that support cell adhesion. One is the central cell-binding domain that is recognized by a variety of cell types, including fibroblasts. The second, originally identified by its ability to support melanoma cell adhesion, is located in the alternatively spliced type III connecting segment (IIICS). Using specific(More)
Endothelial cell growth factor (ECGF) is a potent polypeptide mitogen for endothelial cells and fibroblasts. The mitogenic effects of ECGF are inhibited by the lymphokine gamma-interferon (gamma-IFN) in a dose-dependent manner. Gamma-IFN also induces a unique change in endothelial cell morphology which is maximally expressed in the presence of ECGF. The(More)
We have explored the hypothesis that hyper-trophy of vascular smooth muscle cells may be regulated , in part, by growth inhibitory factors that alter the pattern of the growth response to serum mitogens by characterizing the effects of the potent growth in-hibitor, transforming growth factor-[I (TGF-13), on both hyperplastic and hypertrophic growth of(More)
To detect caspase activities in intact apoptotic cells at the single cell level, cell-permeable fluorogenic caspase substrates were synthesized incorporating the optimal peptide recognition motifs for caspases 1, 3/7, 6, 8, and 9. Caspase activities were then assessed at various times after in vitro treatment of mouse thymocytes with dexamethasone or(More)
We previously showed that fibronectin (FN) synergized with anti-CD3 in induction of CD4+ T cell proliferation, and that VLA-5 acted as a functional FN receptor in a serum-free culture system. In the present study, we showed that VLA-4 is also involved in this CD3-dependent CD4 cell activation through its interaction with the alternatively spliced CS1 domain(More)
We have explored the hypothesis that hypertrophy of vascular smooth muscle cells may be regulated, in part, by growth inhibitory factors that alter the pattern of the growth response to serum mitogens by characterizing the effects of the potent growth inhibitor, transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), on both hyperplastic and hypertrophic growth of(More)
Van der Waals interactions between sidechains are indicated to be important in determining the native state of the proteins of known structure by the following observations: 1. the average radial distribution of polarity increases continuously from the center of the molecule to its periphery. 2. nonpolar sidechains tend to occur in clusters. 3. the(More)
Investigation of the known protein structures has led to the generalization that the native folding permits each sidechain to select those nearest-neighbors which maximize stabilization from van der Waals interactions. With regard to secondary structure: 1. Helical and beta regions exhibit characteristic patterns of short-range contacts (residue numbers k(More)
INTRODUCTION Blue-green 488-nm laser sources are widespread in flow cytometry but suffer some drawbacks for cell analysis, including their excitation of endogenous proteins (resulting in high cellular autofluorescence) and their less-than-optimal coincidence with the excitation maxima of commonly used fluorochromes, including the phycoerythrins (PE). Longer(More)