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Virus-specific CD8+ T cells probably mediate control over HIV replication in rare individuals, termed long-term nonprogressors (LTNPs) or elite controllers. Despite extensive investigation, the mechanisms responsible for this control remain incompletely understood. We observed that HIV-specific CD8+ T cells of LTNPs persisted at higher frequencies than(More)
Acidic ethanol extracts of human platelets induced non-neoplastic normal rat kidney fibroblasts to undergo anchorage-independent growth. Less than 100 ng/ml of the crude extract elicits 50% of the maximal biological response when assayed in the presence of epidermal growth factor (2.5 ng/ml). In the absence of epidermal growth factor, the potency of the(More)
The principal region of the human plasma fibronectin molecule mediating the adhesion of melanoma cells appears to be the alternatively spliced type III connecting segment (IIICS (Humphries, M. J., Akiyama, S. K., Komoriya, A., Olden, K., and Yamada, K. M. (1986a) J. Cell Biol., in press]. A series of overlapping synthetic peptides spanning the entire IIICS(More)
We have compared the molecular specificities of the adhesive interactions of melanoma and fibroblastic cells with fibronectin. Several striking differences were found in the sensitivity of the two cell types to inhibition by a series of synthetic peptides modeled on the Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser (RGDS) tetrapeptide adhesion signal. Further evidence for differences(More)
Endothelial cell growth factor (ECGF) is a potent polypeptide mitogen for endothelial cells and fibroblasts. The mitogenic effects of ECGF are inhibited by the lymphokine gamma-interferon (gamma-IFN) in a dose-dependent manner. Gamma-IFN also induces a unique change in endothelial cell morphology which is maximally expressed in the presence of ECGF. The(More)
Antibodies to the synthetic peptide (carrier-coupled) corresponding to amino acids 210-223 of the primary sequence of eel Na channel (C1+ peptide) were generated. The antipeptide antibodies were used to identify functional roles as well as the accessibility from the external membrane surface of the C1+ domains. Rabbit antipeptide antibodies bound(More)
The alternatively spliced type III connecting segment (IIICS) region of fibronectin contains two distinct sites that support the adhesion of melanoma cells. These sites are contained within the synthetic peptides CS1 and CS5 (residues 1-25 and 90-109 of the IIICS, respectively). Recently, the cellular receptor for the CS1 site has been identified as the(More)
Eukaryotic cells adhere to at least two different regions of the fibronectin molecule: a central domain present in all fibronectin isoforms, and the type III connecting segment domain (IIICS), the expression of which is controlled by complex alternative splicing of precursor mRNA. Using affinity chromatography on a matrix containing a synthetic peptide(More)
BACKGROUND Caspase activation is a critical early step in the onset of apoptosis. Cell-permeable fluorogenic caspase substrates have proven valuable in detecting caspase activation by flow cytometry. Nevertheless, detection of early low-level caspase activation has been difficult using conventional area or peak fluorescence analysis by flow cytometry,(More)
We have developed a high-throughput platform to detect the presence of HIV-1 and SIV-specific ADCC-mediating antibody responses. The assay is based on the hydrolysis of a cell-permeable fluorogenic peptide substrate containing a sequence recognized by the serine protease, Granzyme B (GzB). GzB is delivered into target cells by cytotoxic effector cells as a(More)