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Dystoroglycan is encoded by a single gene and cleaved into two proteins, alpha and beta-dystroglycan, by posttranslational processing. The 120kDa peripheral nerve isoform of alpha-dystroglycan binds laminin-2 comprised of the alpha 2, beta 1, and gamma 1 chains. In congenital muscular dystrophy and dy mice deficient in laminin alpha 2 chain, peripheral(More)
  • Akira KOBATA
  • 2010
Comparative study of the oligosaccharide profiles of individual human milk revealed the presence of three different patterns. Four oligosaccharides containing the Fucalpha1-2Gal group were missing in the milk of non-secretor, and three oligosaccharides containing the Fucalpha1-4GlcNAc group were missing in the milk of Lewis negative individuals.(More)
Three samples of carcinoembryonic antigens were purified from liver metastases of primary colon cancer. The asparagine-linked sugar chains of carcinoembryonic antigens (CEA) were released as oligosaccharides by hydrazinolysis and the structures of oligosaccharides, thus obtained, was studied in combination with methylation analysis and several limited(More)
Structural analysis of the sugar chains of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) has revealed that abnormal biantennary structures appear specifically on hCG in the urine of choriocarcinoma patients. However, the enzymatic and molecular mechanisms of the biosynthesis of abnormal biantennary sugar chains have not yet been elucidated. In this report, the enzyme(More)
The O-linked sugar chains of the human leukocyte cell surface glycoprotein CD45 were released as tritium-labeled oligosaccharides by beta-elimination in the presence of NaB3H4. Mono Q column chromatography revealed that they comprise neutral (64%) and acidic (36%) oligosaccharides, the latter of which were converted to neutral ones by Arthrobacter(More)
Paper electrophoresis of the oligosaccharide fraction obtained by hydrazinolysis of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), which was purified from the urine of two patients with invasive mole, gave fractionation patterns different from those of normal and hydatidiform mole HCGs. Structural study of the oligosaccharides in each fraction revealed that the(More)
Glycoproteins, which react with Lens culinaris agglutinin, in the membrane preparation of various portions of brains and spinal cords, obtained from 9-week-old rats and 29-month-old rats, were comparatively analyzed by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. In contrast to the samples from brain, which showed similar staining patterns in the two different(More)
The sugar chains of bovine rhodopsin released from opsin by hydrazinolysis were reduced with NaB((3)H)(4) and fractionated by paper chromatography. Three oligosaccharides were obtained. The structure of the major ((3)H)-oligosaccharide (ca. 60% of total) was elucidated by sequential exoglycosidase digestion, methylation analysis and endo-?-N-acetyl(More)