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Neurons are highly polarized and comprised of two structurally and functionally distinct parts, an axon and dendrites. We previously showed that collapsin response mediator protein-2 (CRMP-2) is critical for specifying axon/dendrite fate, possibly by promoting neurite elongation via microtubule assembly. Here, we showed that glycogen synthase kinase-3beta(More)
The receptor tyrosine kinase Ror2 plays important roles in developmental morphogenesis. It has recently been shown that Ror2 mediates Wnt5a-induced noncanonical Wnt signaling by activating the Wnt-JNK pathway and inhibiting the beta-catenin-TCF pathway. However, the function of Ror2 in noncanonical Wnt signaling leading to cell migration is largely unknown.(More)
Wnt signaling plays critical roles in development of various organs and pathogenesis of many diseases, and augmented Wnt signaling has recently been implicated in mammalian aging and aging-related phenotypes. We here report that complement C1q activates canonical Wnt signaling and promotes aging-associated decline in tissue regeneration. Serum C1q(More)
Wnt proteins are a large family of diffusible factors that play important roles in embryonic development, including axis patterning, cell fate specification, proliferation, and axon development. It was recently demonstrated that Ryk (receptor related to tyrosine kinase) is a conserved high-affinity Wnt receptor, and that Ryk-Wnt interactions guide(More)
The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has four genes, MCK1, MDS1 (RIM11), MRK1, and YOL128c, that encode homologues of mammalian glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK-3). A gsk-3 null mutant in which these four genes are disrupted showed growth defects on galactose medium. We isolated several multicopy suppressors of this growth defect. Two of them encoded Msn2p and(More)
Parkinson's disease is a common neurodegenerative disorder characterized by loss of dopaminergic neurons and appearance of Lewy bodies, cytoplasmic inclusions that are highly enriched with ubiquitin. Synphilin-1, alpha-synuclein, and Parkin represent the major components of Lewy bodies and are involved in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease. Synphilin-1(More)
Neurofibromin, the neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) gene product, contains a central domain homologous to a family of proteins known as Ras-GTPase-activating proteins (Ras-GAPs), which function as negative regulators of Ras. The loss of neurofibromin function has been thought to be implicated in the abnormal regulation of Ras in NF1-related pathogenesis. In(More)
  • Elsayed Mohamed Deraz, Yasusei Kudo, Maki Yoshida, Mariko Obayashi, Takaaki Tsunematsu, Hirotaka Tani +10 others
  • 2011
BACKGROUND Periostin, IFN-induced transmembrane protein 1 (IFITM1) and Wingless-type MMTV integration site family, member 5B (Wnt-5b) were previously identified as the invasion promoted genes of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) by comparing the gene expression profiles between parent and a highly invasive clone. We have previously reported that(More)
Synaptic scaffolding molecule (S-SCAM) is a synaptic protein that consists of PDZ domains, a guanylate kinase domain, and WW domains. It interacts with N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor subunits, neuroligin, and beta-catenin. Here, we identified Axin as a novel binding partner of S-SCAM. Axin was co-immunoprecipitated with S-SCAM from rat brain, detected in the(More)