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Synaptic scaffolding molecule (S-SCAM) is a synaptic protein, which harbors five or six PSD-95/Discs large/ZO-1 (PDZ), a guanylate kinase and two WW domains. It interacts with NMDA receptor subunits, neuroligin and beta-catenin, and is involved in the accumulation of neuroligin at excitatory synapses. In this study, we have demonstrated S-SCAM is localized(More)
The authors report a patient with ALS and a novel SOD1 gene mutation who was in the totally locked-in state and developed autonomic failure followed by sudden cardiac arrest. A neuropathologic study showed widespread multisystem degeneration, including involvement of the autonomic nuclei in the medulla and spinal cord. SOD1 gene analysis detected a missense(More)
We investigated the number of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-immunoreactive neurons in the C1 and A2 regions of the medulla, the sites of the baroreflex arc, in 7 patients with multiple system atrophy (MSA), 8 with Parkinson's disease (PD), 9 with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and 12 age-matched normal subjects to analyze the relationship between(More)
Synaptic scaffolding molecule (S-SCAM) interacts with a wide variety of molecules at excitatory and inhibitory synapses. It comprises three alternative splicing variants, S-SCAMalpha, -beta, and -gamma. We generated mutant mice lacking specifically S-SCAMalpha. S-SCAMalpha-deficient mice breathe and feed normally but die within 24 h after birth. Primary(More)
The topographic distribution of degenerative changes in large brain sections from five sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients with dementia and three without dementia was examined. The dementia characteristics were impaired shifting from one line of thinking to another, perseveration, and emotional disinhibition as well as impairment of(More)
Membrane-associated guanylate kinase inverted (MAGI)-1 plays a role as a scaffold at cell junctions in non-neuronal cells, while S-SCAM, its neuronal isoform, is involved in the organization of synapses. A search for MAGI-1-interacting proteins by yeast two-hybrid screening of a kidney cDNA library yielded dendrin. As dendrin was originally reported as a(More)
In a patient whose Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease with congophilic kuru plaques that was proved at necropsy, the early brain CT showed low-density areas in the cerebral white matter before cortical atrophy and ventricular enlargement became apparent. Subsequently, there occurred diffuse white matter lucency and severe brain atrophy. At necropsy, there was severe(More)
A missense mutation (Gly93-->Ser) was identified in exon 4 of the Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) gene of a 48-year-old Japanese man with familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS). The SOD1 activities in the fibroblasts and in a lysate of erythrocytes of the patient did not differ from those of healthy controls. The clinical characteristics of the(More)
SJL/J mice have been subjected to immunization with wide varieties of antigens to produce models of autoimmune disorders including experimental myositis. They also have a defect in dysferlin gene and spontaneously develop muscle fiber degeneration, a condition akin to limb-girdle type muscular dystrophy and Miyoshi myopathy. To know whether muscle(More)