Akira Kawano

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The etiology of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) remains enigmatic. One theory that has attracted attention proposes that PBC is induced via molecular mimicry with Escherichia coli. If molecular mimicry is responsible for the immunogenic response in PBC, then T cell clones specific for E. coli antigens should stimulate and be cross-reactive with peptides(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS This study was performed to evaluate the efficacy of a triple therapy in older Japanese patients; telaprevir (TVR) was added to pegylated interferon α2b and ribavirin. METHODS This prospective study enrolled 120 genotype 1b patients with chronic hepatitis C who received 12 weeks of triple therapy followed by a 12-week dual therapy that(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The mechanism for development of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) remains enigmatic, but molecular mimicry has been implicated because of well-known cross-reactivity of human mitochondrial autoantigens and equivalent bacterial antigens. Virtually all patients with PBC have antimitochondrial autoantibodies (AMA), but, interestingly,(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM The addition of hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS3/4A protease inhibitors to pegylated-interferon alpha (PEG-IFNα) and ribavirin (triple therapy) has greatly improved treatment outcome. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness and safety of simeprevir-based or telaprevir-based triple therapy for non-cirrhotic patients in real-world(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Anemia is a common adverse effect of telaprevir (TVR) in combination with pegylated interferon (PegIFN)α and ribavirin (RBV) therapy. It occurs at a higher incidence with the TVR relative to PegIFNα and RBV alone. We herein evaluate the baseline and on-treatment predictors of the development of severe anemia by chronic hepatitis C virus(More)
Elevated serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) level has been associated with sustained virological response (SVR) by chronic hepatitis C patients treated with pegylated-interferon (PEG-IFN) α and ribavirin (RBV). The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between the baseline LDL-C level and the treatment outcome from telaprevir(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM The addition of hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS3/4A protease inhibitors to the pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) α and ribavirin combination regimen (triple therapy) has dramatically improved treatment outcome. Unfortunately, anemia remains a common adverse effect. This study was done to compare the development of severe anemia during simeprevir-(More)
Little real-world cohort data has been reported for Asians who have received interferon-free regimens with sofosbuvir (SOF) for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. We evaluated the effectiveness and safety in clinical practice of ledipasvir (LDV) plus SOF for Japanese patients infected with HCV genotype 1. This large, multicenter, real-world cohort(More)
The biliary epithelial cell (BEC) is the target for several human immune mediated liver diseases, including primary biliary cirrhosis, but it is not always clear whether the BEC functions as an accessory cell or an antigen presenting cell, although it is well documented that BECs express high levels of human leukocyte antigen Class II, intercellular(More)
Primary biliary cirrhosis is characterized by autoreactive T cells specific for the mitochondrial Ag PDC-E2(163-176). We studied the ability of eight T cell clones (TCC) specific for PDC-E2(163-176) to proliferate or become anergic in the presence of costimulation signals. TCC were stimulated with either human PDC-E2(163-176), an Escherichia coli(More)