Akira Katayama

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In this study, we performed small RNA library sequencing using human placental tissues to identify placenta-specific miRNAs. We also tested the hypothesis that human chorionic villi could secrete miRNAs extracellularly via exosomes, which in turn enter into maternal circulation. By small RNA library sequencing, most placenta-specific miRNAs (e.g., MIR517A)(More)
1. An orally active, nonpeptide bradykinin (BK) B2 receptor antagonist, FR173657 (E)-3-(6-acetamido-3-pyridyl)-N-[N-[2-4-dichloro-3-[(2-methyl-8-quinolin yl) oxymethyl]phenyl]-N-methylaminocarbonyl-methyl] acrylamide) has been identified. 2. This compound displaced [3H]-BK binding to B2 receptors present in guinea-pig ileum membranes with an IC50 of 5.6 x(More)
OBJECTIVE To understand the properties of each available gonadotropin preparation, especially in terms of the differences between urinary-derived and recombinant preparations. STUDY DESIGN Human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG), highly purified urinary-derived follicle-stimulating hormone (uFSH-HP) and recombinant FSH (rFSH) were subjected to 2-dimensional(More)
Osteopontin (OPN), a secreted glycoprotein, has multiple physiological functions. This study investigated the regulation and roles of OPN in the mouse ovary during the periovulatory stages. Immature female mice were treated with pregnant mare serum gonadotropin (PMSG) and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) to simulate follicle maturation and ovulation. In(More)
A novel class of potent, selective, and orally active non-peptide bradykinin (BK) B2 receptor antagonists were designed and synthesized starting from 8-benzyloxyimidazo[1,2-a]pyridine derivative 2. The unique screening lead (2) was discovered by a two-step intentional random screening process, involving recognition of the relationship between BK and(More)
BACKGROUND Analysis of urinary proteins using cellulose acetate membrane electrophoresis (CAME) is a useful and challenging method for the recognition of damaged sites in the kidney. However, protein content of each CAME fraction is still not completely understood. METHODS In this study, an effective method of protein extraction from each band(More)
On the basis of spectroscopic and chemical evidence, the structures of WS-9659 A and B isolated as inhibitors of testosterone 5 alpha-reductase from a Streptomyces have been established as 1 and 2, respectively. The reductase inhibitory activities of the derivatives 5 and 6, and degradation products 3 and 8 were considerably less active and substantially(More)