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Aminoglycosides are widely used antibiotics that cause messenger RNA decoding errors, block mRNA and transfer RNA translocation, and inhibit ribosome recycling. Ribosome recycling follows the termination of protein synthesis and is aided by ribosome recycling factor (RRF) in bacteria. The molecular mechanism by which aminoglycosides inhibit ribosome(More)
Ribosome recycling factor (RRF) disassembles posttermination complexes in conjunction with elongation factor EF-G, liberating ribosomes for further rounds of translation. The striking resemblance of its L-shaped structure to that of tRNA has suggested that the mode of action of RRF may be based on mimicry of tRNA. Directed hydroxyl radical probing of 16S(More)
RNA phage GA coat and lysis protein expression are translationally coupled through an overlapping termination and initiation codon UAAUG. Essential for this coupling are the proximity of the termination codon of the upstream coat gene to the initiation codon of the lysis gene (either a <3 nucleotide separation or physical closeness through a possible(More)
Ribosome recycling factor (RRF), together with elongation factor G (EF-G), catalyzes recycling of ribosomes after one round of protein synthesis. The crystal structure of RRF was determined at 2.55 angstrom resolution. The protein has an unusual fold where domain I is a long three-helix bundle and domain II is a three-layer beta/alpha/beta sandwich. The(More)
Ribosome recycling factor (RRF) catalyzes the fourth step of protein synthesis in vitro: disassembly of the post-termination complex of ribosomes, mRNA and tRNA. We now report the first in vivo evidence of RRF function using 12 temperature-sensitive Escherichia coli mutants which we isolated in this study. At non-permissive temperatures, most of the(More)
An aqueous extract of Phyllanthus niruri (Euphorbiaceae) inhibited human immunodeficiency virus type-1 reverse transcriptase (HIV-1-RT). The inhibitor against HIV-1-RT in this plant was purified by combination of three column chromatographies, Sephadex LH-20, cellulose, and reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. The inhibitor was then(More)
Ribosome recycling factor (RRF) and elongation factor-G (EF-G) are jointly essential for recycling bacterial ribosomes following termination of protein synthesis. Here we present equilibrium and rapid kinetic measurements permitting formulation of a minimal kinetic scheme that accounts quantitatively for RRF and EF-G interaction on the Escherichia coli(More)
Ribosome releasing factor, product of the frr gene in Escherichia coli, is responsible for dissociation of ribosomes from mRNA after the termination of translation. It functions to "recycle" ribosomes and is renamed ribosome recycling factor in this paper. An E. coli strain was constructed (MC1061-2), which carried frame-shifted frr in the chromosome and(More)