Akira Imaizumi

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BACKGROUND Recently, rapid advances have been made in metabolomics-based, easy-to-use early cancer detection methods using blood samples. Among metabolites, profiling of plasma free amino acids (PFAAs) is a promising approach because PFAAs link all organ systems and have important roles in metabolism. Furthermore, PFAA profiles are known to be influenced by(More)
Our aim is to construct a practical dynamic-simulation system that can model the metabolic and regulatory processes involved in the production of primary metabolites, such as amino acids. We have simulated the production of glutamate by transient batch-cultivation using a model of Escherichia coli central metabolism. Kinetic data were used to produce both(More)
The amino-acid balance in cancer patients often differs from that in healthy individuals, because of metabolic changes. This study investigated the use of plasma amino-acid profiles as a novel marker for screening non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. The amino-acid concentrations in venous blood samples from pre-treatment NSCLC patients (n = 141),(More)
We have recently reported on the changes in plasma free amino acid (PFAA) profiles in lung cancer patients and the efficacy of a PFAA-based, multivariate discrimination index for the early detection of lung cancer. In this study, we aimed to verify the usefulness and robustness of PFAA profiling for detecting lung cancer using new test samples. Plasma(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of pancreatic cancer (PC) continues to increase in the world, while most patients are diagnosed with advanced stages and survive <12 months. This poor prognosis is attributable to difficulty of early detection. Here we developed and evaluated a multivariate index composed of plasma free amino acids (PFAAs) for early detection of PC.(More)
Plasma free amino acid (PFAA) profile is highlighted in its association with visceral obesity and hyperinsulinemia, and future diabetes. Indeed PFAA profiling potentially can evaluate individuals' future risks of developing lifestyle-related diseases, in addition to diabetes. However, few studies have been performed especially in Asian populations, about(More)
The effect of heptakis (2,6-O-dimethyl) beta-cyclodextrin (Me beta CD) on the production of pertussis toxin was evaluated. The addition of Me beta CD to the medium stimulated cell growth and pertussis toxin production. Me beta CD enhanced pertussis toxin production 100 times more in synthetic media, such as Stainer-Scholte medium (D. W. Stainer and M. J.(More)
Although the enhancement of amino-acid synthesis by guanosine-3',5'-tetraphosphate (ppGpp) is well known, the effect of intracellular ppGpp levels on amino-acid overproduction in Escherichia coli has not been investigated. In this study, we demonstrate that overexpression of the relA gene, encoding ppGpp synthetase, increases the accumulation of amino(More)
The plasma free amino acid (PFAA) profile is affected by various nutritional conditions, such as the dietary energy balance. Regarding the clinical use of PFAA profiling, it is of concern that differences in food ingestion patterns may generate systematic errors in a plasma amino acid profile and constitute a confounding factor in assessment. In this study,(More)
BACKGROUND Plasma amino acid concentrations vary with various diseases. Although reference intervals are useful in daily clinical practice, no reference intervals have been reported for plasma amino acids in a large Japanese population. METHODS Reference individuals were selected from 7685 subjects examined with the Japanese Ningen Dock in 2008. A total(More)