Akira Hirata

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Stable-isotope probing (SIP) was used to identify acetate- or methanol-assimilating bacteria under nitrate-reducing conditions in activated sludge. A sludge sample obtained from wastewater treatment systems was incubated in a denitrifying batch reactor fed with synthetic wastewater containing [13C]acetate or [13C]methanol as the main carbon source and(More)
To examine the roles of cytokines in muscle regeneration, we injected cardiotoxin into mouse tibialis anterior muscle and examined the expression profiles of cytokines and related genes in the regeneration process. Expression of 40, 64, and 7 genes among 522 genes spotted on a cytokine expression array were increased more than fivefold at 48 hours, 96(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase is a potential target for anticancer therapy. ZD1839 (Iressa) is a selective inhibitor of EGFR tyrosine kinase. In this study, we investigated the question as to whether the antitumor effect of ZD1839 is partly attributable to antiangiogenic activity and the potential mechanisms involved. Both ZD1839(More)
Gefitinib (Iressa, ZD1839), a quinazoline tyrosine kinase inhibitor that targets the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), is approved for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in several countries including Japan. However, the mechanism of drug sensitivity to gefitinib is not fully understood. In this study, we examined the molecular(More)
The influence of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) on bacterial cell adhesion onto solid surfaces was investigated using 27 heterotrophic bacterial strains isolated from a wastewater treatment reactor. Cell adhesion onto glass beads was carried out by the packed-bed method and the results were discussed in terms of the amount of each EPS component(More)
To investigate the characteristics and the microbial diversity of denitrifying phosphate-accumulating organisms (DNPAOs) that are capable of conducting enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) using nitrate as electron acceptor, three sequencing batch reactors were operated under three different electron acceptor conditions, i.e., only oxygen, oxygen(More)
While human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is associated with the development of adult T-cell leukemia (ATL), HTLV-2 has not been reported to be associated with such malignant leukemias. HTLV-1 Tax1 oncoprotein transforms a rat fibroblast cell line (Rat-1) to form multiple large colonies in soft agar, and this activity is much greater than that of(More)
A membrane-aerated biofilm reactor (MABR) capable of simultaneous nitrification and denitrification in a single reactor vessel was developed to investigate the characteristics of nitrogen removal from high-strength nitrogenous wastewater, and biofilm analysis using microelectrodes and the fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) technique was performed.(More)
Since nitrification is the rate-determining step in the biological nitrogen removal from wastewater, many research studies have been conducted on the immobilization of nitrifying bacteria. In this research, granulation of nitrifying bacteria in an aerobic upflow fluidized bed (AUFB) reactor in a nitrification process for inorganic wastewater containing 500(More)
Nitrogen and carbon components in domestic modified wastewater were completely removed by simultaneous nitrification and denitrification using a membrane-aerated biofilm reactor where biofilm was fixed on a hollow-fiber membrane. To measure the spatial distribution of pH, ammonium and nitrate ions and to observe microbes inside the biofilm fixed on the(More)