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In patients with advanced moyamoya disease, reconstructive surgery alone may not prevent the deterioration of blood flow in the territory of the anterior cerebral artery. These types of surgery include superficial temporal artery-to-middle cerebral artery anastomosis and encephalo-duro-arterio-myo-synangiosis (EDAMS). Bilateral(More)
Twenty-eight patients with spontaneous carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas (CCFs) were treated using a variety of techniques. Three of four patients with direct CCFs underwent intravascular embolization with a detachable balloon. Embolization with polyvinyl alcohol particles through an external carotid endoarterial route was used in six patients with indirect(More)
Twelve patients with Hunt and Hess neurological Grades III to V underwent thrombosis of aneurysms using cellulose acetate polymer within 23 hours of aneurysm rupture. On computerized tomography (CT), nine of these patients had difuse or localized thick subarachnoid blood clots, two had diffuse thin clots and one had intraventricular clots. Immediately after(More)
Six aneurysms in five patients with acute aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhages were treated with direct thrombosis using cellulose acetate polymer within 4 hours of rupture. The aneurysms involved the internal carotid and posterior communicating arteries (two patients), the anterior choroidal artery (one patient), the bifurcation of the basilar artery (one(More)
BACKGROUND The benefits of intravenous thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke are still limited. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the safety and efficacy of double-lumen balloon catheter-based reperfusion therapy with or without intra-arterial thrombolysis for acute occlusion of intracranial arteries. METHODS Fifty-nine patients with acute occlusion of(More)
BACKGROUND Intraplaque hemorrhage, detected as a high-signal intensity on carotid MRI, is also strongly associated with ischemic events in symptomatic patients. However, in asymptomatic patients, the relationship of the T1-high intense plaque and the subsequent stroke is not clear. The aim of this study is to test the hypothesis that asymptomatic carotid(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) by hemorrhagic arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) usually presents with meningeal signs, including headache and nausea, and focal neurologic deficit is found in rare cases. In this article, we report a case of acute compressive cervical myelopathy caused by hemorrhagic AVF at the craniocervical junction. (More)
The mechanism of thrombus formation in Trousseau syndrome remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate specific pathological findings of the thrombi in Trousseau syndrome. The authors report on 2 cases of thrombi in Trousseau syndrome from large cerebral vessels removed by endovascular therapy and compared with thrombi in atherosclerosis or(More)
OBJECTIVE Although carotid artery stenting (CAS) has been gaining popularity as an alternative to carotid endarterectomy (CEA), perioperative stroke rate following contemporary CAS remains significantly higher than stroke rate after CEA. The purpose of this study was to assess perioperative (within 30 days) therapeutic results in patients with carotid(More)
OBJECTIVE Plaque characteristics and morphology are important indicators of plaque vulnerability. MRI-detected intraplaque hemorrhage has a great effect on plaque vulnerability. Expansive remodeling, which has been considered compensatory enlargement of the arterial wall in the progression of atherosclerosis, is one of the criteria of vulnerable plaque in(More)