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A. grandis >25) and measuring the size of larval parasites (3). Recently, PCR has been used for diagnosis in veterinary infections (2,7). For the patient in our study, molecular analysis identified human pentastomiasis by using a formalin-fixed microscope slide that had been stored for 7 years. A difference of 2 nt each was seen when the amplified(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the usefulness of one of IGRAs, QuantiFERON-TB Gold (QFT-G), in human immunodeficiency virus- (HIV-) infected patients with various CD4(+) T cell counts. METHODS The QFT-G assay was performed using QFT-G kits among 107 HIV-infected patients including 9 cases with active tuberculosis (TB). RESULTS In HIV-infected patients with(More)
Serum levels of choline and its derivatives are lower in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) than in healthy individuals. However, the effect of choline deficiency on the severity of colitis has not been investigated. In the present study, we investigated the role of choline deficiency in dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis in mice.(More)
Memantine is a non-competitive antagonist of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor, and is an approved drug for the treatment of moderate-to-severe Alzheimer's disease. We identified a mouse strain with a naturally occurring mutation and an ataxic phenotype that presents with severe leg cramps. To investigate the phenotypes of these mutant mice, we(More)
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