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BACKGROUND The mortality and morbidity rates of various cardiovascular diseases differ between Western countries and Japan. The age- and gender-specific prevalence rate of atrial fibrillation (AF) in the general population of Japan was determined using the data from periodic health examinations in 2003. METHODS Data of 630,138 subjects aged 40 years or(More)
AIMS The aim of this study was to investigate long-term proportion and prognosis of healthy subjects with right precordial ST segment elevation without family history of sudden death. METHODS AND RESULTS We followed up electrocardiograms (ECGs) of 3339 healthy subjects (male/female 2646/693) who underwent periodical medical examination form 1992 to 2001(More)
QT-RR linear regression consists of two parameters, slope and intercept, and the aim of this study was to evaluate repolarization dynamics using the QT-RR linear regression slope and intercept relationship during 24-h Holter ECG. This study included 466 healthy subjects (54.6 ± 14.6 years; 200 men and 266 women) and 17 patients with ventricular arrhythmias,(More)
We evaluated two patients without previous episodes of syncope who showed characteristic ECG changes similar to Brugada syndrome following administration of Class IC drugs, flecainide and pilsicainide, but not following Class IA drugs. Patient 1 had frequent episodes of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation resistant to Class IA drugs. After treatment with(More)
AIMS Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are a set of endogenous cytoprotective factors activated by various pathological conditions. This study addressed the effects of geranylgeranylacetone (GGA), an orally active HSP inducer, on the atrial fibrillation (AF) substrate associated with acute atrial ischaemia (AI). METHODS AND RESULTS Four groups of mongrel dogs(More)
Effects of class Ic drug pilsicainide and class III drug MS-551 were determined in the canine model of atrial fibrillation (AF) induced under vagal stimulation. Pilsicainide injected intravenously at a dose of 1.0 mg/kg over 3 min terminated AF in six of six dogs. After pilsicainide injection, the effective refractory period (ERP) of the right atrium (RA)(More)
Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening immediate hypersensitivity reaction triggered by antigen capture by immunoglobulin E (IgE) bound to the high-affinity IgE receptor (FcvarepsilonRI) on mast cells. However, the regulatory mechanism of mast cell activation is not completely understood. Here we identify an immunoglobulin-like receptor, Allergin-1, that(More)
The effect of unilateral stellate ganglion block on cardiovascular regulation remains controversial, so the present study used power spectral analysis of heart rate variability to investigate its effect on the autonomic neural control of the heart. In 20 young healthy volunteers (mean age: 25 years), heart rate variability was determined before and after(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of spontaneous termination of atrial fibrillation (AF) by comparing it with drug-induced termination on the basis of changes in fibrillation cycle length (FCL). Fast Fourier transform analysis was carried out on the electrocardiogram (ECG) records of 27 patients with paroxysmal AF without organic heart(More)
The effects of a new benzopyran derivative, NIP-142, on atrial fibrillation (AF) and flutter (AFL) and on electrophysiological variables were studied in the dog. NIP-142 (3mg/kg) was administered intravenously to pentobarbital-anesthetized beagles during vagally-induced AF and during AFL induced after placement of an intercaval crush. Isolated canine atrial(More)