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Recent studies have implicated brain‐derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the pathophysiology of depression and in the activities of antidepressant drugs. Serum BDNF levels are lower in depressed patients and increase in response to antidepressant medications; however, no studies have examined the association between plasma concentrations of antidepressant(More)
PURPOSE The authors investigated the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis of regularly medicated schizophrenic patients. METHODS The subjects were 53 patients who were diagnosed according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders--Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria for schizophrenia. Each patients gave informed consent for the(More)
Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 8 has been well established to play a critical role in the early development of the central nervous system (CNS). We report here extensive neuronal localization and neurotrophic function of FGF8 in the nervous system. In sections of mouse embryos at E10.5, FGF8 was immunohistochemically found in neurons at the marginal zones(More)
This study examined the internal consistency and structural/construct validity of the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) for community-dwelling subjects in Japan. A cross-sectional study that included 929 participants was conducted. Structural/construct validity was assessed on confirmatory factor analysis. The internal consistency reliability was good(More)
This article describes a classification and imaging diagnosis of intracranial midline cystic malformations based on neuroembryologic analysis. Midline cystic malformations are classified into two categories from an embryologic point of view. In one category, the cyst represents expansion of the roof plate of the brain vesicle, and in the other the cyst(More)
Both calreticulin (CRT) and immunoglobulin binding protein (Bip) have a role in the folding and assembly of oligomeric membrane proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Recent studies have demonstrated the generation of beta-amyloid protein (Abeta) 1-42, a key peptide for amyloid deposits, in the ER. We, therefore, examined the localization and(More)
Hyperprolactinemia is a frequent consequence of treatment with risperidone. Recent studies have suggested that aripiprazole, a partial dopamine agonist, reduces the prolactin response to antipsychotics. Thus, we examined the dose effects of adjunctive treatment with aripiprazole on the plasma concentration of prolactin in patients who had elevated prolactin(More)
— In this paper, we propose a new three-dimensional (3-D) measurement method of objects in unknown liquid with a stereo vision system. When applying vision sensors to measuring objects in liquid, light refraction is an important problem. Therefore, we estimate refractive indices of unknown liquids by using images of water surface, restore images that are(More)