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BACKGROUND Statistical data of mortality and morbidity related to anesthesia have not been reported in Japan since World War II. The need to comprehensively examine the events of cardiac arrest as well as mortality prompted the first national study in Japan. METHODS Confidential questionnaires were sent to all Japan Society of Anesthesiologists Certified(More)
This study was performed to test the validity and value of the Schizophrenia Quality of Life Scale as an assessment tool in a Japanese-language version (JSQLS). The subjects for the present study were 55 inpatients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia as defined by DSM-IV. The JSQLS was administered together with two other self-report measures, the Medical(More)
Recently, we discovered autoantibodies against the amino (NH(2))-terminal of alpha-enolase (NAE) in patients with Hashimoto's encephalopathy (HE) (83.3%; 5/6) [Fujii, A., Yoneda, M., Ito, T., Yamamura, O., Satomi, S., Higa, H., Kimura, M., Suzuki, M., Yamashita, M., Yuasa, T., Suzuki, H., Kuriyama, M., 2005. Autoantibodies against the amino terminal of(More)
We investigated autoantibodies and their epitope(s) in Hashimoto's encephalopathy associated with Hashimoto's thyroiditis. In a proteomic analysis, they proved to recognize alpha-enolase. We further searched the epitope region in alpha-enolase using different regions of recombinant proteins expressed in cultured human cells. The amino terminal region was(More)
Recent studies have implicated brain‐derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the pathophysiology of depression and in the activities of antidepressant drugs. Serum BDNF levels are lower in depressed patients and increase in response to antidepressant medications; however, no studies have examined the association between plasma concentrations of antidepressant(More)
The authors performed a serial study of a patient with mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like syndrome (MELAS) who presented with diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI). DWI demonstrated a higher apparent diffusion coefficient in the lesion than in the control region during the acute stage of stroke. Vasogenic edema is present in(More)
Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 8 has been well established to play a critical role in the early development of the central nervous system (CNS). We report here extensive neuronal localization and neurotrophic function of FGF8 in the nervous system. In sections of mouse embryos at E10.5, FGF8 was immunohistochemically found in neurons at the marginal zones(More)
PURPOSE The authors investigated the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis of regularly medicated schizophrenic patients. METHODS The subjects were 53 patients who were diagnosed according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders--Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria for schizophrenia. Each patients gave informed consent for the(More)
OBJECTIVES To retrospectively evaluate the usefulness of transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) and intravesical instillation for pT1bG3 transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder. METHODS Between May 1984 and May 1997, 45 patients with pT1bG3 transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder underwent TURBT and intravesical(More)