Akira Enokihara

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This paper presents a compact wideband rat-race hybrid composed of composite right/left-handed transmission lines (CRLH-TLs). Using CRLH-TLs with phase delays of -90 degrees and a right-handed transmission line (RH-TL) with 90 degrees at a design frequency, a relative bandwidth of about 36% can be obtained at the design frequency of 4 GHz. Furthermore, size(More)
As a novel guided-wave passive device, the optical-waveguide hybrid coupler is proposed and its first known demonstration is reported. The proposed device consists of symmetric and nonsymmetric branching forks connected at a junction. An explanation of the working mechanism is presented. The feasibility of the device is confirmed by constructing and testing(More)