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Visual information received from the three types of photoreceptor neurons (R1-R6, R7 and R8) in the fly compound eyes converges to the external part of the medulla neuropil (M1-M6 layers) in a layer-specific fashion: R7 and R8 axons terminate at the M6 and M3 layers, respectively, whereas lamina neurons (L1-L5) relay R1-R6 to multiple medulla layers(More)
Immunocytochemical electron-microscopic observation indicated that ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco, EC and/or its degradation products are localized in small spherical bodies having a diameter of 0.4-1.2 micro m in naturally senescing leaves of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). These Rubisco-containing bodies (RCBs) were found(More)
An immunohistochemical study using a streptavidin-biotin method demonstrated the extensive distribution of neuropeptide Y (NPY)-like immunoreactivity in the brain of the white sturgeon, Acipenser transmontanus, with the highest density in the basal telencephalon and diencephalon. Two labeled cell groups were found in the telencephalon, in mediobasal and(More)
Magnetic bearings have been applied to high speed and high power electric machines for machine tools, turbomolecular pumps, etc. Bearingless motors can be expected to realize high speed and high power ratings because magnetic bearing functions are integrated into high-speed motors, which results in a simplified structure with short shaft length. In this(More)
Midline glia are a source of cues for neuronal navigation and differentiation in the Drosophila CNS. Despite their importance, how glia and neurons communicate during the development is not fully understood. Here, we examined dynamic morphology of midline glia and assessed their direct cellular interactions with neurons within the embryonic CNS. Midline(More)
The distribution of the molluscan cardioexcitatory tetrapeptide FMRFamide (Phe-Met-Arg-Phe-NH2) in the brain of the cloudy dogfish, Scyliorhinus torazame, was examined by immunocytochemistry. FMRFamide-like immunoreactivity was demonstrated to occur extensively in various regions of the dogfish brain, except for the corpus cerebelli. Immunoreactive neuronal(More)
In the chum salmon, gonadotropin-releasing hormone-immunoreactive (GnRH-ir) cells were first detected in the olfactory placode of embryos at 16 days after fertilization, and then appeared sequentially in the olfactory nerve and the distal part of the forebrain by hatching. Four months after hatching, the terminal nerve was differentiated along the olfactory(More)
This paper reports on the distribution, relationship and seasonal variations of neuropeptide Y (NPY)-like and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)-like immunoreactants in the brain and hypophysis of the bony fish, the ayu Plecoglossus altivelis. NPY-like immunoreactivity was widely distributed in the brain: labeled cells were found in the nervus(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known on the cytological properties of the terminal nerve ganglion (TNG) cells in teleosts (Demski, 1993. Acta Anat., 148:81-95). MATERIALS AND METHODS To characterize the TNG cells of a salmonoid fish, Plecoglossus altivelis, we adopted immunohistochemistry and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). RESULTS The majority of the TNG(More)
We observed ontogenetic changes of neuropeptide Y (NPY)-like-immunoreactivity in the terminal nerve (TN) of the chum salmon, a teleost, and the cloudy dogfish, an elasmobranch. In the chum salmon, NPY-like-immunoreactive (NPY-IR) cells first appeared in the olfactory placode of embryos at 16 days after fertilization, and then extended sequentially and(More)