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Visual information received from the three types of photoreceptor neurons (R1-R6, R7 and R8) in the fly compound eyes converges to the external part of the medulla neuropil (M1-M6 layers) in a layer-specific fashion: R7 and R8 axons terminate at the M6 and M3 layers, respectively, whereas lamina neurons (L1-L5) relay R1-R6 to multiple medulla layers(More)
Neuronal connectivity is established by the axo-dendritic polarity, correct guidance and targeting of neurons. Unlike for axons, the mechanisms responsible for directed outgrowth of dendrites are not well understood. Using single-cell labeling, we describe specific guidance defects in dendrites of identified neurons in frazzled, robo, netrin and(More)
Immunocytochemical electron-microscopic observation indicated that ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco, EC and/or its degradation products are localized in small spherical bodies having a diameter of 0.4-1.2 micro m in naturally senescing leaves of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). These Rubisco-containing bodies (RCBs) were found(More)
The molecular mechanisms that generate dendrites in the CNS are poorly understood. The diffusible signal molecule Slit and the neuronally expressed receptor Robo mediate growth cone collapse in vivo. However, in cultured neurons, these molecules promote dendritic development. Here we examine the aCC motoneuron, one of the first CNS neurons to generate(More)
An immunohistochemical study using a streptavidin-biotin method demonstrated the extensive distribution of neuropeptide Y (NPY)-like immunoreactivity in the brain of the white sturgeon, Acipenser transmontanus, with the highest density in the basal telencephalon and diencephalon. Two labeled cell groups were found in the telencephalon, in mediobasal and(More)
BACKGROUND Comparative studies of ultrastructural features of tongues allow deductions to be made about relationships between structure and function, as reflected by an animal's feeding habits. The present study was performed to serve as a basis for further studies of avian feeding mechanisms and of relationships between the fine structure of the lingual(More)
Although evidence exists that activation of the Rho family GTPase Cdc42 affects axonal development, its specific roles within a growth cone are not well delineated. To evaluate the model that Cdc42 activation regulates growth cone navigation by promoting filopodial activity, we adopted a live analysis strategy that uses transgenic Drosophila lines in which(More)
The Rho GTPases Rac1 and Cdc42 have been implicated in the regulation of axon outgrowth and guidance. However, the downstream effector pathways through which these GTPases exert their effects on axon development are not well characterized. Here, we report that axon outgrowth defects within specific subsets of motoneurons expressing constitutively active(More)
Magnetic bearings have been applied to high speed and high power electric machines for machine tools, turbomolecular pumps, etc. Bearingless motors can be expected to realize high speed and high power ratings because magnetic bearing functions are integrated into high-speed motors, which results in a simplified structure with short shaft length. In this(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known on the cytological properties of the terminal nerve ganglion (TNG) cells in teleosts (Demski, 1993. Acta Anat., 148:81-95). MATERIALS AND METHODS To characterize the TNG cells of a salmonoid fish, Plecoglossus altivelis, we adopted immunohistochemistry and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). RESULTS The majority of the TNG(More)