Akira Awaya

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Living cells produce reactive oxygen species (ROSs). To protect themselves from these ROSs, the cells have developed both an antioxidant system containing superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) and a redox system including peroxiredoxin2 (Prx2, thioredoxin peroxidase) and glutathione peroxidase1 (GPx1): SOD1 converts superoxide radicals into hydrogen peroxide(More)
The glial cytoplasmic inclusion (GCI) is a histological hallmark for multiple system atrophy (MSA): these inclusions are found in oligodendrocytes and consist of abnormal granule-coated fibrils of approximately 24- to 40-nm diameter. To clarify the significance of the presence of midkine (MK) in these GCIs, we carried out immunohistochemical, electron and(More)
In axonal regeneration after a peripheral nerve injury, Schwann cells migrate from the two nerve ends and at last form a continuous tissue cable across the gap which guides the axons toward the bands of Bungner. However, the behavior of migratory Schwann cells and their possible role are obscure. Using a film model in which the proximal stump of a(More)
Peroxiredoxin-ll (Prxll) and glutathione peroxidase-l (GPxl) are regulators of the redox system that is one of the most crucial supporting systems in neurons. This system is an antioxidant enzyme defense system and is synchronously linked to other important cell supporting systems. To clarify the common self-survival mechanism of the residual motor neurons(More)
We produced a rat IgG2a monoclonal antibody against the carboxyl terminal region of human midkine (MK), a novel growth factor. This monoclonal antibody was used in immunohistochemical studies to compare the expression of MK, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and p53 protein in 133 primary brain tumors and 21 carcinoma metastases to the central(More)
1. The effects of a new neurotrophic pyrimidine derivative of MS-430 on nerve regeneration was examined using Wistar rats whose left sciatic nerve had been subjected to controlled injury. 2. The functional recovery and the packing density of common peroneal nerve axons were significantly enhanced with the administration of 3 mg/kg/day of MS-430. 3. These(More)
Regeneration of transected peripheral nerve with a 10-mm gap encased in a silicone tube was evaluated in the presence of collagen sponge with or without laminin, or with systemic administration of a pyrimidine compound, MS-818. The sciatic nerve of 20 adult rats was transected and the proximal and distal nerve stumps were fixed in a silicone tube. The lumen(More)
Based on ecological analyses we proposed in 2003 the relation of Kawasaki Disease (KD) onset causing acute febrile systemic vasculitis, and pollen exposure. This study was aimed at investigating the correlation between pollen release and the change in the numbers of KD patients from 1991 to 2002 in Kanagawa, Japan. Short-term changes in the number of KD(More)
Long-term treatment with minocycline is known to induce pigmentation or discoloration in tissues but how remains unclear. We investigated the mechanism of pigmentation using B16 melanoma cells. First, we confirmed that intracellular melanin levels increased on minocycline treatment. Then, using the reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR),(More)
OBJECT A synthetic heterocyclic pyrimidine compound, MS-818 (2-piperadino-6-methyl-5-oxo-5,6-dihydro-(7H) pyrrolo-[3,4-d] pyrimidine maleate) is reported to have a variety of biological activities including neurite outgrowth, astrocyte differentiation, suppression of neuronal apoptosis, regeneration of injured peripheral nerves, fracture repairs,(More)