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CONTEXT Midkine (MK) is a novel heparin-binding growth factor whose gene was identified in embryonal carcinoma cells in early stages of retinoic acid-induced differentiation. OBJECTIVE To examine the overexpression of MK in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS Seventy-seven primary HCC specimens from patients aged 17 to 72 years (63 men and 14 women)(More)
Serum thymic factor (FTS), a thymic peptide hormone, has been reported to attenuate the bleomycin-induced pulmonary injury and also experimental pancreatitis and diabetes. In the present study, we investigated the effect of FTS on cis-diamminedichloroplatinum II (cisplatin)-induced nephrotoxicity. We have already demonstrated that cephaloridine, a(More)
In axonal regeneration after a peripheral nerve injury, Schwann cells migrate from the two nerve ends and at last form a continuous tissue cable across the gap which guides the axons toward the bands of Bungner. However, the behavior of migratory Schwann cells and their possible role are obscure. Using a film model in which the proximal stump of a(More)
The glial cytoplasmic inclusion (GCI) is a histological hallmark for multiple system atrophy (MSA): these inclusions are found in oligodendrocytes and consist of abnormal granule-coated fibrils of approximately 24- to 40-nm diameter. To clarify the significance of the presence of midkine (MK) in these GCIs, we carried out immunohistochemical, electron and(More)
Living cells produce reactive oxygen species (ROSs). To protect themselves from these ROSs, the cells have developed both an antioxidant system containing superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) and a redox system including peroxiredoxin2 (Prx2, thioredoxin peroxidase) and glutathione peroxidase1 (GPx1): SOD1 converts superoxide radicals into hydrogen peroxide(More)
We produced a rat IgG2a monoclonal antibody against the carboxyl terminal region of human midkine (MK), a novel growth factor. This monoclonal antibody was used in immunohistochemical studies to compare the expression of MK, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and p53 protein in 133 primary brain tumors and 21 carcinoma metastases to the central(More)
Peroxiredoxin-ll (Prxll) and glutathione peroxidase-l (GPxl) are regulators of the redox system that is one of the most crucial supporting systems in neurons. This system is an antioxidant enzyme defense system and is synchronously linked to other important cell supporting systems. To clarify the common self-survival mechanism of the residual motor neurons(More)
Long-term treatment with minocycline is known to induce pigmentation or discoloration in tissues but how remains unclear. We investigated the mechanism of pigmentation using B16 melanoma cells. First, we confirmed that intracellular melanin levels increased on minocycline treatment. Then, using the reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR),(More)
Regeneration of transected peripheral nerve with a 10-mm gap encased in a silicone tube was evaluated in the presence of collagen sponge with or without laminin, or with systemic administration of a pyrimidine compound, MS-818. The sciatic nerve of 20 adult rats was transected and the proximal and distal nerve stumps were fixed in a silicone tube. The lumen(More)
Facteur thymique serique (FTS), a thymic hormone with nonapeptide is involved in T cell differentiation in intestine. Here we investigated the effect of FTS on dextran sulphate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis. BALB/c mice were subcutaneously treated with 1 mug/mouse/day of FTS daily. FTS did not affect the course of acute colitis induced by DSS as assessed by(More)